watercolour


watercolour
Painting made with a pigment ground in gum, usually gum arabic, and applied with brush and water to a surface, usually paper.

The pigment is ordinarily transparent but can be made opaque by mixing with a whiting to produce gouache. Transparent watercolour allows for freshness and luminosity. Whereas oil paintings achieve their effects by a building up of colour, watercolours rely on what is left out, with empty, unpainted spaces being an integral part of the work.

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art
also spelled  Watercolor, 

      pigment ground in gum, usually gum arabic, and applied with brush and water to a painting surface, usually paper; the term also denotes a work of art executed in this medium. The pigment is ordinarily transparent but can be made opaque by mixing with a whiting and in this form is known as body colour, or gouache (q.v.); it can also be mixed with casein, a phosphoprotein of milk.

      Watercolour compares in range and variety with any other painting method. Transparent watercolour allows for a freshness and luminosity in its washes and for a deft calligraphic brushwork that makes it a most alluring medium. There is one basic difference between transparent watercolour and all other heavy painting mediums—its transparency. The oil painter can paint one opaque colour over another until he has achieved his desired result. The whites are created with opaque white. The watercolourist's approach is the opposite. In essence, instead of building up he leaves out. The white paper creates the whites. The darkest accents may be placed on the paper with the pigment as it comes out of the tube or with very little water mixed with it. Otherwise the colours are diluted with water. The more water in the wash, the more the paper affects the colours; for example, vermilion, a warm red, will gradually turn into a cool pink as it is thinned with more water.

      The dry-brush technique—the use of the brush containing pigment but little water, dragged over the rough surface of the paper—creates various granular effects similar to those of crayon drawing. Whole compositions can be made in this way. This technique also may be used over dull washes to enliven them.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Watercolour — «Watercolour» …   Википедия

  • watercolour — (Brit.) n. type of water based paint; painting made with watercolors (also watercolor) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • watercolour — (US watercolor) ► NOUN 1) artists paint made with a water soluble binder, and thinned with water rather than oil. 2) a picture painted with watercolours. 3) the art of painting with watercolours. DERIVATIVES watercolourist noun …   English terms dictionary

  • watercolour — UK [ˈwɔːtə(r)ˌkʌlə(r)] / US [ˈwɑtərˌkʌlər] noun Word forms watercolour : singular watercolour plural watercolours art watercolour or watercolours a) [countable/uncountable] a type of paint that is mixed with water for painting pictures b)… …   English dictionary

  • watercolour — [[t]wɔ͟ːtə(r)kʌlə(r)[/t]] watercolours (in AM, use watercolor) 1) N VAR Watercolours are coloured paints, used for painting pictures, which you apply with a wet brush or dissolve in water first. ...a collection of rich paintings in watercolour,… …   English dictionary

  • watercolour — /ˈwɔtəkʌlə / (say wawtuhkuluh) noun 1. a pigment dispersed in water soluble gum. 2. the art or method of painting with such pigments. 3. a painting or design executed by this method. –adjective 4. of or relating to watercolour or a watercolour… …   Australian English dictionary

  • watercolour — noun Watercolour/watercolor is used before these nouns: ↑artist, ↑illustration, ↑paint, ↑painter, ↑painting, ↑sketch …   Collocations dictionary

  • watercolour — wa|ter|col|our BrE watercolor AmE [ˈwo:təˌkʌlə US ˈwo:tərˌkʌlər, ˈwa: ] n 1.) [C usually plural, U] a type of paint that you mix with water ▪ Margaret began experimenting with watercolor. 2.) a picture painted using watercolours ▪ a watercolour… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • watercolour — [ˈwɔːtəˌkʌlə] noun 1) [C/U] a type of paint that is mixed with water for painting pictures 2) [C] a painting that is done with watercolour paints …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • watercolour — noun /ˈwɔ.tɜ.ˌkʌ.lɜ/ a) A water soluble pigment. Jims aunt only uses watercolours to paint her pictures. b) A painting made by using such pigment. Jims aunt paints beautiful watercolours …   Wiktionary


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