van der Waals, Johannes Diederik

van der Waals, Johannes Diederik
born Nov. 23, 1837, Leiden, Neth.
died March 9, 1923, Amsterdam

Dutch physicist.

As professor at the University of Amsterdam (1877–1907), he extended the classical ideal-gas law (see gas laws) to describe the behaviour of real gases, deriving the van der Waals equation of state in 1881. His work led to the liquefying of several common gases and made possible the study of temperatures near absolute zero. The van der Waals forces were named in his honour. He received a 1910 Nobel Prize.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Van der Waals, Johannes Diederik — (23 nov. 1837, Leiden, Holanda–9 mar. 1923, Amsterdam). Físico holandés. Como profesor en la Universidad de Amsterdam (1877–1907), extendió la clásica ley de los gases ideales (ver leyes de los gases) para describir mejor el comportamiento de los …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johannes Diederik van der Waals — Johannes Diderik van der Waals Johannes Diderik van der Waals (* 23. November 1837 in Leiden; † 8. März 1923 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Physiker. 1910 erhielt er den Nobelpreis für Physik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • van der Waals forces — van dər .wȯlz n pl the relatively weak attractive forces that are operative between neutral atoms and molecules and that arise because of the electric polarization induced in each of the particles by the presence of other particles Waals wäls… …   Medical dictionary

  • van der Waals forces — Relatively weak electrical forces that attract neutral (uncharged) molecules to each other in gases, liquefied and solidified gases, and almost all organic liquids and solids. Solids held together by van der Waals forces typically have lower… …   Universalium

  • Waals, Johannes Diederik van der — ▪ Dutch physicist born Nov. 23, 1837, Leiden, Neth. died March 9, 1923, Amsterdam       Dutch physicist, winner of the 1910 Nobel Prize for Physics for his research on the gaseous and liquid states of matter. His work made the study of… …   Universalium

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