surrogate motherhood


surrogate motherhood
Practice in which a woman (the surrogate mother) bears a child for a couple unable to produce children, usually because the wife is infertile or unable to carry a pregnancy to term.

The surrogate is impregnated either through artificial insemination (usually with the sperm of the husband) or through the implantation of an embryo produced by in vitro fertilization. The surrogate traditionally gives up all parental rights, though this has been subject to legal challenge.

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      practice in which a woman (the surrogate mother) bears a child for a couple unable to produce children in the usual way, usually because the wife is infertile or otherwise unable to undergo pregnancy. In so-called traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother is impregnated through artificial insemination with the sperm of the husband. In gestational surrogacy, the wife's ova and the husband's sperm are subjected to in vitro fertilization, and the resulting embryo is implanted in the surrogate mother. Normally, in either procedure, the surrogate gives up all parental rights, but this has been subject to legal challenge.

      The practice of surrogate motherhood, though not unknown in previous times, came to international attention in the mid-1970s when a reduction in the number of children available for adoption and the increasing specialization of techniques in human embryology made such methods a viable alternative to lengthy and uncertain adoption procedures or childlessness. Surrogate motherhood has raised a number of issues—such as the matter of payment for services (which, taken to the extreme, has implications of making children a commodity) and the rights of all of the individuals involved should any aspect of the procedure go awry.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • surrogate motherhood — A relationship in which one woman bears and gives birth to a child for a person or a couple who then adopts or takes legal custody of the child; also called mothering by proxy. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. surrogate… …   Law dictionary

  • surrogate motherhood — noun see surrogate mother * * * surrogate motherhood noun • • • Main Entry: ↑surrogate * * * surrogate mother, 1. a woman who gives birth to a child through artificial insemination by a man who is not her husband. 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • surrogate motherhood — noun see surrogate mother …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • surrogate mother — n a woman who becomes pregnant usu. by artificial insemination or surgical implantation of a fertilized egg for the purpose of carrying the fetus to term for another woman surrogate motherhood n * * * a woman who becomes pregnant (by artificial… …   Medical dictionary

  • surrogate mother — noun Date: 1978 a woman who becomes pregnant usually by artificial insemination or surgical implantation of a fertilized egg for the purpose of carrying the fetus to term for another woman • surrogate motherhood noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • surrogate mother — /sʌrəgət ˈmʌðə/ (say suruhguht mudhuh) noun a woman who, usually for a fee, performs a service for a couple who wish to have a child, either of being impregnated by the male partner and bringing the child to term, or of having an embryo conceived …   Australian English dictionary

  • The Surrogate (The Outer Limits) — Infobox Television episode Title = The Surrogate Series = The Outer Limits Caption = Season = 7 Episode = 4 Airdate = Production = Writer = A L Katz Director = Ken Girotti Photographer = Guests = Episode list = List of The Outer Limits episodes… …   Wikipedia

  • surrogatemother — surrogate mother n. 1. A woman who bears a child for another person, often for pay, either through artificial insemination or by carrying until birth another woman s surgically implanted fertilized egg. 2. One that acts as, serves as, or is a… …   Universalium

  • Surrogacy — is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another couple or person. This woman may be the child s genetic mother (called traditional surrogacy), or she may carry the pregnancy to delivery after having an embryo, to which …   Wikipedia

  • Gestation pour autrui — Pour les articles homonymes, voir GPA. La Gestation pour autrui (GPA) est une méthode d Assistance médicale à la Procréation (AMP) qui se pratique généralement en cas d infertilité féminine liée à l absence d utérus, ou à sa déformation. La mère… …   Wikipédia en Français


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