skeleton sledding


skeleton sledding
Winter sport similar to lugeing in which a small sled is ridden downhill in a headfirst, prone position.

The sport of skeleton sledding developed in the 1880s on the famed Cresta Run at Saint Moritz, Switz. The "bony" look of the early sleds gave the sport its name. Riders attain speeds of more than 80 miles (129 km) per hour. It was first contested at the Olympic games in 1928.

* * *

sport
also called  Cresta sledding 
 winter sport in which the skeleton sled, or Cresta, consisting of steel runners fastened to a platform chassis, is ridden in a headfirst, prone position. Skeleton sledding competitions are typically held on the same courses used for bobsled (bobsledding) contests. It is a dangerous and thrilling sport where riders, with their faces just inches above the icy course, attain speeds over 129 km (80 miles) per hour.

 The sport of skeleton sledding developed on the famed Cresta Run, built in 1884 at Saint Moritz, Switzerland. The Cresta Run, which follows a 1,213-metre (1,327-yard) course from Saint Moritz to the town of Celerina, has hosted the annual Grand National championships since 1885. The 1887 Grand National saw the first competitors to careen down the run headfirst. A new sled made entirely of steel was introduced in 1892. The sled was popular with Cresta Run patrons, and its “bony” appearance gave the sled and the sport the name “skeleton.” Skeleton sledding was included twice in the Olympic Winter Games, in 1928 and 1948, each time at Saint Moritz, but, with the sport limited to competition only at the Cresta Run, it was surpassed in popularity by bobsled and luge and fell into obscurity. However, by the early 1970s adjustments to the skeleton sled and artificial bob runs were made and international skeleton competition was rejuvenated. By 1987 world championships and world cup competitions had been established, and the sport was recognized by the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT). Skeleton sledding returned to the Winter Olympics program in 2002 with events for both men and women.

 The sled used in FIBT competition consists of a riding board and a steel frame to which two steel runners are attached. Two handles on the sled aid the rider in pushing the sled at the start, and bumpers along the sides provide protection from the hard jolts of the track. The sled has no steering mechanism or brakes and is controlled by the rider's dragging a foot on the ice and subtly shifting his weight. The rider wears a helmet with chin guard, gloves, an aerodynamic bodysuit, and spiked shoes. In international competition each athlete makes two runs; the final standings are based on the aggregate time.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Skeleton (sport) — Skeleton is a winter sport in which competitors aim to drive a one person sled in a prone, head first position down an ice track in the fastest time. This differs from luge, where the rider drives the sled from a supine, feet first orientation.… …   Wikipedia

  • sledding — /sled ing/, n. 1. the state of the ground permitting use of a sled: The mountain roads offer good sledding. 2. the going, or kind of travel, for sleds, as determined by ground and weather conditions. 3. a going, progress, or advance in any field …   Universalium

  • Sledding — is a common activity in wintry areas, similar to sliding, but in a prone or seated position requiring a device or vehicle generically known as a sled . More formally it is one of three olympic sports mdash; the Luge, Skeleton, or bobsledding, all …   Wikipedia

  • Oberhof bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track — The Oberhof bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track is a venue used for bobsled, luge and skeleton located in Oberhof, Germany. Contents 1 History 2 Statistics 3 Championships hosted 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Sigulda bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track — The Sigulda bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track is located in Sigulda, Latvia. Currently, the track manager is Dainis Dukurs, former bobsleigh brakeman and the father of skeleton racers Martins and Tomass Dukurs.HistorySledding took place in… …   Wikipedia

  • Olympic Games — 1. Also called Olympian Games. the greatest of the games or festivals of ancient Greece, held every four years in the plain of Olympia in Elis, in honor of Zeus. 2. a modern international sports competition, held once every four years. [1600 10]… …   Universalium

  • Shea, Jim, Jr. — ▪ 2003       Seventy years after his grandfather, Jack Shea, won two Olympic gold medals in speed skating, American skeleton slider Jim Shea, Jr., added another gold to the family collection when he claimed first place in his event at the 2002… …   Universalium

  • tobogganing — Sport of sliding down a snow covered hill on a toboggan, a long, flat bottomed sled made of thin boards curved up at the front end. The word is of Algonquian origin and probably refers to a towing sled. Tobogganing as a sport appears to have… …   Universalium

  • lugeing — Sled racing using a small sled that is ridden in a supine position. The sled, called a luge, is steered with the feet and subtle shoulder movements. Dating back to the 15th century, lugeing is a traditional winter sport in Austria and is also… …   Universalium

  • Shea, Jack — ▪ 2003 John Amos Shea        American speed skater (b. Sept. 10, 1910, Lake Placid, N.Y. d. Jan. 22, 2002, Saranac Lake, N.Y.), became the first double gold medalist in the Winter Olympics when he won the 500 and 1,500 m speed skating races at… …   Universalium