- satyr and silenus
In Greek mythology, wild woodland creatures that are part man and part beast, the bestial part being represented as the legs of a goat or horse.From the 5th century BC, the name Silenus was applied to the foster father and tutor of Dionysus. Satyrs and sileni are depicted in art and literature in the company of nymphs, whom they constantly pursue. Praxiteles' sculptures represented a new artistic type in which the satyr was young and handsome.
* * *in Greek mythology, creatures of the wild, part man and part beast, who in Classical times were closely associated with the god Dionysus. Their Italian counterparts were the Fauns (see Faunus). Satyrs and Sileni were at first represented as uncouth men, each with a horse's tail and ears and an erect phallus. In the Hellenistic age they were represented as men having a goat's legs and tail. The occurrence of two different names for the creatures has been explained by two rival theories: that Silenus was the Asian Greek and Satyr the mainland name for the same mythical being; or that the Sileni were part horse and the Satyrs part goat. Neither theory, however, fits all the examples in early art and literature. From the 5th century BC the name Silenus was applied to Dionysus' foster father, which thus aided the gradual absorption of the Satyrs and Sileni into the Dionysiac cult. In the Great Dionysia festival at Athens three tragedies were followed by a satyr play (e.g., Euripides' Cyclops), in which the chorus was dressed to represent Satyrs. Silenus, although bibulous like the Satyrs in the Satyr plays, also appeared in legend as a dispenser of homely wisdom.In art the Satyrs and Sileni were depicted in company with nymphs or Maenads whom they pursued. (Their amorous relations with nymphs are described as early as the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite.) The Greek sculptor Praxiteles represented a new artistic type in which the Satyr was young and handsome, with only the smallest vestiges of animal parts. Hellenistic artists developed that concept into humorous or forceful representation of half-animal subjects as an escape from the merely human.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
satyr play — a burlesque or ribald drama having a chorus of satyrs, usually written by a poet to follow the poet s trilogy of tragedies presented at the Dionysian festival in ancient Greece. * * * ▪ Greek drama genre of ancient Greek drama that… … Universalium
Satyr — In Greek mythology, satyrs ( gr. Σάτυροι, Satyroi ) are a troop of male companions of Pan and Dionysus – satyresses were a late invention of poets – that roamed the woods and mountains. In mythology they are often associated with sex drive and… … Wikipedia
Satyr — mit Aulos. Epiktetos, 520–500 v. Chr … Deutsch Wikipedia
Silenus — The Silenoi (Σειληνοί) were followers of Dionysus. They were drunks, and were usually bald and fat with thick lips and squat noses, and had the legs of a human. Later, the plural silenoi went out of use and the only references were to one… … Wikipedia
Silenus — Depending on the ancient source consulted, Silenus is either the son of Pan or Mercury. Custodian, educator, and follower of Bacchus, he is normally represented in art as a jolly heavy set figure who rides on a donkey, wears a crown of flowers … Dictionary of Renaissance art
SILENUS — a satyr who attended Dionysus, being his foster father and teacher; assisted in the war of the giants, and slew Enceladus; had the gift of vaticination; is represented as mounted on an ass and supported by other satyrs … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
satyr — Synonyms and related words: Cailleac, Faunus, Pan, Priapus, Vidar, Vitharr, aphrodisiomaniac, bugger, coprophiliac, corn spirit, dirty old man, eroticomaniac, erotomaniac, exhibitionist, faun, fertility god, fetishist, field spirit, forest god,… … Moby Thesaurus
silenus — n. (pl. sileni) (in Greek mythology) a bearded old man like a satyr, sometimes with the tail and legs of a horse. Etymology: L f. Gk seilenos … Useful english dictionary
Silenus — n. (pl. sileni) (in Greek mythology) a bearded old man like a satyr, sometimes with the tail and legs of a horse. Etymology: L f. Gk seilenos … Useful english dictionary
Midas — /muy deuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a Phrygian king, son of Gordius, who was given by Dionysus the power of turning whatever he touched into gold. 2. a person of great wealth or great moneymaking ability. * * * In Greek and Roman legend, a king of… … Universalium