- plurality system
Electoral process in which the candidate who polls more votes than any other candidate is elected.It is distinguished from the majority system, in which, to win, a candidate must receive more votes than all other candidates combined. It is the most common method of selecting candidates for public office. Its chief advantage is that it avoids the need for runoffs to produce a winner. Its chief disadvantage is that it may result in a winner who has received a minority of the votes cast. It operates best in a two-party system, where the small vote for any third party will rarely result in an outcome seriously at odds with the voters' will.
* * *▪ politicselectoral process in which the candidate who polls more votes than any other candidate is elected. It is distinguished from the majority system, in which, to win, a candidate must receive more votes than all other candidates combined. Election by a plurality is the most common method of selecting candidates for public office.Advantages of the plurality system are that it is easily understood by voters, provides a quick decision, and is more convenient and less costly to operate than other methods. The main argument against it is that in an election with more than two candidates, it may result in the election of a candidate who has received only a minority of the votes cast: for example, in a closely contested election with four candidates, the total required to win by a plurality could be as little as 25 percent of the total vote plus one. To overcome this disadvantage, alternative devices, such as election by an absolute majority and proportional representation (q.v.), are used. The plurality method operates best under a two-party system.Election by a plurality is not limited to government; it is commonly used in the selection of officers in such large organizations as trade unions and professional associations and also in arriving at decisions at meetings of boards of directors and trustees.
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simple plurality system — see single member system … Glossary of UK Government and Politics
Plurality voting system — The plurality voting system is a single winner voting system often used to elect executive officers or to elect members of a legislative assembly which is based on single member constituencies.The most common system, used in Canada, India, the UK … Wikipedia
Plurality (church governance) — In religion, the term plurality has been coined to refer to an alternative system of church government, wherein the local assembly s decisions are made by a committee, each typically called an elder; in contrast to the singularity of the bishop… … Wikipedia
system — systemless, adj. /sis teuhm/, n. 1. an assemblage or combination of things or parts forming a complex or unitary whole: a mountain system; a railroad system. 2. any assemblage or set of correlated members: a system of currency; a system of… … Universalium
Plurality criterion — is a voting system criterion devised by Douglas Woodall for ranked voting methods. It is stated as follows::If the number of ballots ranking A as the first preference is greater than the number of ballots on which another candidate B is given any … Wikipedia
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Plurality (voting) — In voting, a plurality vote is the largest number of votes to be received by any candidate or proposition when three or more choices are possible. With only 2 choices the winner would have the majority. The candidate or proposition receiving the… … Wikipedia
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