panchayat raj


panchayat raj
In India, government by the village council, or panchayat.

When India gained its independence, it was stated that the government "should take steps to organize village panchayats." The first panchayat was inaugurated in 1959 in Rajasthan, and in 1993 the panchayat institution was incorporated into the Indian Constitution. Their members are elected, and one-third of them are required to be women. Scheduled castes ( formerly untouchables) and tribes are also guaranteed representation in proportion to their population. Today the role and success of the panchayats are still the topic of heated discussion. See also Indian National Congress.

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Universalium. 2010.

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