- hall church
Type of church with side aisles approximately equal in height to the nave, unlike the typical basilica.The interior is lit by large aisle windows instead of a clerestory, with chapels sometimes arranged alongside the nave. Hall churches originated in Germany and were characteristic of the Late Gothic period there. Special features of German hall churches include lofty nave arcades and immense roofs. St. Elizabeth in Marburg (с 1257–83) is an archetypal example.
* * *German Hallenkirche, or Dreischiffige Kirche,church in which the aisles are approximately equal in height to the nave. The interior is typically lit by large aisle windows, instead of a clerestory, and has an open and spacious feeling, as of a columned hall. Hall churches are characteristic of the German Gothic period. There are a few examples from as early as the 11th century, but the mature works date from the 14th century, from such builders as Heinrich Parler and Hans Stethaimer.Hall churches originated in Westphalia and the north of Germany. They spread to the east, where an early example is the Frankfurt Blackfriars (c. 1240), and to southern Germany where many important examples are found. In Austria the form appears in the hall chancels of abbeys such as Lilienfeld (1230) and Heiligenkreuz (1295).Special features of German hall churches include lofty nave arcades and immense roofs, covering both the nave and the aisles. They generally have a single western tower, or apse, instead of the elaborate western portal characteristic of French Gothic cathedrals. St. Elizabeth, Marburg (c. 1257–83), is an archetypal hall church. The form has been revived from time to time. A significant modern example is Auguste Perret's (Perret, Auguste) church of Notre-Dame (1922–23), at Le Raincy, Fr., one of the first buildings and the first church to display the expressive structural possibilities of reinforced concrete.
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См. также в других словарях:
Hall church — A hall church is a church with nave and side aisles of approximately equal height, often united under a single immense roof.In contrast to a traditional basilica, which lets in light through a clerestory in the upper part of the nave, a hall… … Wikipedia
Hall Church — a church in which nave and aisles are of approximately equal height … Medieval glossary
hall church — noun Etymology: translation of German hallenkirche : a Gothic church especially in Germany in which in place of the clerestory the aisles are carried up to nearly the height of the nave … Useful english dictionary
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