- gifted child
Child naturally endowed with a high degree of general mental ability or extraordinary ability in a specific domain.Although the designation of giftedness is largely a matter of administrative convenience, the best indications of giftedness are often those provided by teachers and parents, supplemented by data from IQ tests and cumulative school records. In most countries an IQ level above a certain point (variously, 120–135) may qualify the child for advanced educational programs. See also genius.
* * *any child who is naturally endowed with a high degree of general mental ability or extraordinary ability in a specific sphere of activity or knowledge. The designation of giftedness is largely a matter of administrative convenience. In most countries the prevailing definition is an intelligence quotient ( IQ) of 130 or above. Increasingly, however, schools use multiple measures of giftedness and assess a wide variety of talents, including verbal, mathematical, spatial-visual, musical, and interpersonal abilities.In countries that make special provision for educating gifted pupils, the prevailing method of selection consists of written tests. Although standard IQ tests are the most commonly used means of identifying gifted children, other tests of both intelligence and creativity are also used. Tests vary widely in their validity and reliability for different ages and cultures; therefore, fair identification procedures always take into account a wide variety of behaviours that may be signs of giftedness.It is generally agreed that gifted children differ from their peers in ways other than intellectual ability alone. Evidence of this was found by the American psychologist Lewis M. Terman (Terman, Lewis Madison), who in 1921 initiated a study of more than 1,500 gifted children with IQs higher than 140. Following the study participants as they aged, Terman observed a greater drive to achieve, along with greater mental and social adjustment, among the gifted group as compared with nongifted children. In another early 20th-century study, which focused on children with IQs greater than 180, psychologist Leta Hollingworth found that individuals within this group were very sensitive to the ways in which they differed from others and often suffered from problems such as boredom and rejection by their peers. Variability of development is another characteristic observed in gifted children. In the late 20th century, the term asynchrony was used to describe the developmental characteristics of gifted children; that is, their mental, physical, emotional, and social abilities may all develop at different paces.In theory, there are three ways of educating (education) children who are intellectually and academically more advanced than their peers: (1) acceleration, whereby the gifted child is allowed to learn material at a more rapid pace or is promoted more rapidly through grades; (2) enrichment, whereby the gifted child works through the usual grades at the usual pace but with a curriculum supplemented by a variety of cultural activities; and (3) differentiation, whereby gifted children are accelerated or enriched within the regular classroom.Special schools or classes enable gifted children to progress at an accelerated pace. The instruction, method, and materials can be adapted to the needs of each student, and, because the children work and study with others who are bright, each is motivated to put forth his best effort. Despite the opposition many educators have to special provisions for gifted children, research shows that grouping gifted children together is best for them, that this does no harm to average children, and that acceleration in these groups provides greater opportunity for challenge and intellectual development than does enrichment alone. See also creativity; genius; prodigy.
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gifted child — gifted child, 1. a child whose intelligence is generally in the top two to three per cent of his age level. 2. a child with an outstanding talent in a particular field … Useful english dictionary
Gifted education — (also known as Gifted and Talented Education (GATE), Talented and Gifted (TAG), or G/T) is a broad term for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented. There is no… … Wikipedia
Gifted Rating Scales — The GRS is a scholastic assessment for school children. It is used mostly for Gifted Talented admissions. It is administered by a teacher who knows the child well. The teacher rates specific gifted behaviors that they have observed over time.As… … Wikipedia
gifted — gift|ed [ˈgıftıd] adj having a natural ability to do one or more things extremely well →↑talented gifted musician/artist/teacher etc ▪ She was an extremely gifted poet. academically/musically/athletically etc gifted ▪ his musically gifted son… … Dictionary of contemporary English
gifted — [[t]gɪ̱ftɪd[/t]] 1) ADJ GRADED Someone who is gifted has a natural ability to do something well. ...one of the most gifted players in the world... He was witty, amusing and gifted with a sharp business brain. Syn: talented 2) ADJ GRADED A gifted… … English dictionary
child — childless, adj. childlessness, n. /chuyld/, n., pl. children. 1. a person between birth and full growth; a boy or girl: books for children. 2. a son or daughter: All my children are married. 3. a baby or infant. 4. a human fetus … Universalium
gifted — gift|ed [ gıftəd ] adjective with an impressive natural ability: a gifted child gifted in: She s exceptionally gifted in music … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
gifted — UK [ˈɡɪftɪd] / US [ˈɡɪftəd] adjective with an impressive natural ability a gifted child gifted in: She s exceptionally gifted in music … English dictionary
Child — /chuyld/, n. Lydia Maria (Francis), 1802 80, U.S. author, abolitionist, and social reformer. * * * (as used in expressions) child abuse child development child labour child psychiatry child psychology Child Julia Child Lydia Maria gifted child *… … Universalium
gifted — adjective having a natural ability to do one or more things extremely well: a gifted pianist | gifted child (=one who is extremely intelligent) … Longman dictionary of contemporary English