In ancient Sparta, the council of elders, one of two chief organs of the Spartan state, the other being the apella.The gerousia prepared business submitted to the apella and had extensive judicial powers: it alone pronounced sentences of death or exile. Its 30 members, the gerontes ("elders"), including the two kings, were chosen for life by acclamation of the citizens from among candidates of age 60 or older.
* * *▪ councilin ancient Sparta, council of elders, one of the two chief organs of the Spartan state, the other being the apella (assembly). The functions of both were likely delineated at the time of the reforms of Lycurgus, probably in the 7th century BC. The gerousia prepared business to be submitted to the apella and had extensive judicial powers, being the only Spartan court that could pronounce sentence of death or exile. Its members, the gerontes (“elders”), whose number was fixed at 30, including the two kings, were chosen for life by acclamation of the citizens from among candidates who had reached age 60.
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gérousia — ● gérousia nom féminin (mot grec) Dans la Grèce antique, conseil des anciens (gérontes), par opposition à l assemblée du peuple. (Seules quelques cités conservaient à l époque classique cette institution traditionnelle. À l époque impériale… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Gerousia — The Gerousia was the Spartan senate (council of elders). It was created by the Spartan lawgiver Lycurgus in the seventh century BC, in his Great Rhetra ( Great Pronouncement ). According to Lycurgus biographer Plutarch, the Gerousia was the first … Wikipedia
Gérousia — Gérousie La gérousie (en grec ancien γερουσία / gerousía, de γέρων / gérôn, « le vieillard ») est l équivalent spartiate du Sénat : c est un élément aristocratique et oligarchique, par opposition à l assemblée du peuple. C est une… … Wikipédia en Français
gerousia — ge·rou·sia … English syllables
gerousia — … Useful english dictionary
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Apella — was the official title of the popular assembly in the Ancient Greek city state of Sparta, corresponding to the ecclesia in most other Greek states. Every Spartan male full citizen who had completed his thirtieth year was entitled to attend the… … Wikipedia
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