fingerprinting


fingerprinting
Act of taking an impression of a person's fingerprint.

Because each person's fingerprints are unique, fingerprinting is used as a method of identification, especially in police investigations. The standard method of fingerprint classification was developed by Sir Francis Galton and Sir Edward Henry; their system was officially introduced at Scotland Yard in 1901. The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation maintains a fingerprint file on more than 250 million people; fingerprints retrieved from a crime scene may be compared with those on file to identify suspects. DNA analysis, which examines regions of DNA unique to each person, is sometimes called DNA fingerprinting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fingerprinting — (englisch) bezeichnet übertragen vom Fingerabdruck Methoden, um zwei Personen oder Dinge anhand bestimmter Merkmale (Fingerprint, dt. „Fingerabdruck“) voneinander unterscheiden zu können, etwa: Acoustic Fingerprinting oder Audio Fingerprinting… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fingerprinting — n. The procedure of taking inked impressions of a person s fingerprints. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fingerprinting — fingerprinting. См. метод отпечатков пальцев. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • fingerprinting — fin|ger|print|ing [ˈfıŋgəˌprıntıŋ US gər ] n [U] the practice of making a record of people s fingerprints, and using them to try and find out who has committed a crime →↑genetic fingerprinting …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • fingerprinting — atspaudavimas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Pirminės baltymų arba nukleorūgščių struktūros analizės metodas. atitikmenys: angl. fingerprinting rus. фингерпринтинг …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • fingerprinting — See: DNA fingerprinting …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • fingerprinting — noun see fingerprint …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fingerprinting — The basic principle of the technique is to digest a large molecule with a sequence specific hydrolase to produce moderate size fragments that can then be run on an electrophoresis gel. Provided the hydrolase only cleaves at specific sites (eg.… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • fingerprinting — fin·ger·print·ing (fingґgər print″ing) 1. originally, a technique for determining the structure of a protein in which the protein is enzymatically split into peptides and the fragments are separated in one direction by electrophoresis… …   Medical dictionary

  • fingerprinting — n. recording of a person s fingerprintsn. mark made by a fingertip on any surface (especially prints made with ink for identification purposes) v. record the fingerprints of a person …   English contemporary dictionary


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