- exogamy and endogamy
Practices controlling the relation of the sexes in the selection of marital partners.Exogamous groups require their members to marry outside the group, sometimes even specifying the group into which members must marry. Such groups are usually defined in terms of kinship rather than politics or territory. Exogamy is usually characteristic of unilineal descent groups, in which descent is reckoned either patrilineally or matrilineally. In endogamous groups, marriage outside one's group may be forbidden, or there may merely be a tendency to marry within the group. Endogamy is characteristic of aristocracies and religious and ethnic minorities in industrialized societies but also of the caste system in India and of class-conscious nonliterate societies such as the Masai of East Africa.
* * *practices controlling the relation of the sexes and the selection of marital partners. Exogamous groups enjoin their members to marry outside the group, sometimes even specifying the outside group into which members must marry. Conversely, marriage outside a specific group may be forbidden, and for this restriction the term endogamy is used; more loosely it applies to a tendency to marriage within a group. Endogamy, rare among nonliterate societies, is characteristic of aristocracies and religious and ethnic minorities in industrialized societies, but it is also a notable characteristic of the caste system in India and of class-conscious nonliterate societies such as that of the Masai of East Africa.Exogamy, more characteristic of nonindustrial societies, is usually based on ties of kinship, clan, or moiety (see dual organization) rather than on political or territorial lines. Since exogamous rules usually characterize unilineal descent groups, in which descent is reckoned either patrilineally or matrilineally, the marriage prohibition will apply only to one side of the family. Thus, some blood relations will inevitably be available for marriage.The severity of enforcement of endogamous and exogamous restrictions varies greatly—from being a capital crime to one garnering only mild disapproval.
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Exogamy — This article is about marriage. For the Wedlock album, see Exogamy (album). Exogamy is a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside of a social group. The social groups define the scope and extent of exogamy, and the rules and… … Wikipedia
exogamy — Sexual reproduction by means of conjugation of two gametes of different ancestry, as in certain protozoan species. [exo + G. gamos, marriage] * * * ex·og·a·my ek säg ə mē n, pl mies 1) marriage outside of a specific group esp. as … Medical dictionary
Endogamy — is the practice of marrying within a social group. Cultures who practice endogamy require marriage between specified social groups, classes, or ethnicities. A Danish endogamist would require marriage only to other Danes. Just about any accepted… … Wikipedia
exogamy — exogamous /ek sog euh meuhs/, exogamic /ek seuh gam ik/, adj. /ek sog euh mee/, n. 1. marriage outside a specific tribe or similar social unit. Cf. endogamy. 2. Biol. the union of gametes of unrelated parents. [1860 65; EXO + GAMY] * * * ▪ … Universalium
endogamy — endogamous, endogamic /en doh gam ik/, adj. /en dog euh mee/, n. marriage within a specific tribe or similar social unit. Cf. exogamy (def. 1). [1860 65; ENDO + GAMY] * * * ▪ sociology also called in marriage custom enjoining one to marry … Universalium
endogamy — Reproduction by conjugation between sister cells, the descendants of one original cell. [endo + G. gamos, marriage] * * * en·dog·a·my en däg ə mē n, pl mies marriage within a specific group as required by custom or law en·dog·a·mous məs adj … Medical dictionary
marriage — /mar ij/, n. 1. the social institution under which a man and woman establish their decision to live as husband and wife by legal commitments, religious ceremonies, etc. 2. the state, condition, or relationship of being married; wedlock: a happy… … Universalium
caste — casteism, n. casteless, adj. /kast, kahst/, n. 1. Sociol. a. an endogamous and hereditary social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, etc., and having mores distinguishing it from other such groups. b. any… … Universalium
kinship — /kin ship/, n. 1. the state or fact of being of kin; family relationship. 2. relationship by nature, qualities, etc.; affinity. [1825 35; KIN + SHIP] Syn. 1. See relationship. 1, 2. connection. 2. bearing. * * * Socially recognized relationship… … Universalium
clan — clanless, adj. /klan/, n. 1. a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor: the Mackenzie clan. 2. a group of people of common descent; family: Our whole clan got… … Universalium