- computer-assisted instruction
Use of instructional material presented by a computer.Since the advent of microcomputers in the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread, from primary schools through the university level and in some preschool programs. Instructional computers either present information or fill a tutorial role, testing the student for comprehension. By providing one-on-one interaction and producing immediate responses to input answers, computers allow students to demonstrate mastery and learn new material at their own pace. A disadvantage is that computerized instruction cannot extend the lesson beyond the limits of the programming.
* * *a program of instructional material presented by means of a computer or computer systems.The use of computers in education started in the 1960s. With the advent of convenient microcomputers in the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread from primary education through the university level and even in some preschool programs. Instructional computers are basically used in one of two ways: either they provide a straightforward presentation of data or they fill a tutorial role in which the student is tested on comprehension.If the computer has a tutorial program, the student is asked a question by the computer; the student types in an answer and then gets an immediate response to the answer. If the answer is correct, the student is routed to more challenging problems; if the answer is incorrect, various computer messages will indicate the flaw in procedure, and the program will bypass more complicated questions until the student shows mastery in that area.There are many advantages to using computers in educational instruction (teaching). They provide one-to-one interaction with a student, as well as an instantaneous response to the answers elicited, and allow students to proceed at their own pace. Computers are particularly useful in subjects that require drill, freeing teacher time from some classroom tasks so that a teacher can devote more time to individual students. A computer program can be used diagnostically, and, once a student's problem has been identified, it can then focus on the problem area. Finally, because of the privacy and individual attention afforded by a computer, some students are relieved of the embarrassment of giving an incorrect answer publicly or of going more slowly through lessons than other classmates.There are drawbacks to the implementation of computers in instruction, however. They are generally costly systems to purchase, maintain, and update. There are also fears, whether justified or not, that the use of computers in education decreases the amount of human interaction.One of the more difficult aspects of instructional computers is the availability and development of software, or computer programs. Courseware can be bought as a fully developed package from a software company, but the program provided this way may not suit the particular needs of the individual class or curriculum. A courseware template may be purchased, which provides a general format for tests and drill instruction, with the individual particulars to be inserted by the individual school system or teacher. The disadvantage to this system is that instruction tends to be boring and repetitive, with tests and questions following the same pattern for every course. Software can be developed in-house, that is, a school, course, or teacher could provide the courseware exactly tailored to its own needs, but this is expensive, time-consuming, and may require more programming expertise than is available.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Computer Assisted Instruction — (CAI) teaching with the help of a computer … English contemporary dictionary
Computer-Assisted Instruction — [dt. »computerunterstützter Unterricht«], CAI … Universal-Lexikon
computer-assisted instruction — kompiuterinis mokymas statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Mokymas naudotis elektroninėmis skaičiavimo mašinomis. kilmė angl. computer – elektroninė skaičiavimo mašina atitikmenys: angl. computer assisted instruction vok. Komputerunterricht rus … Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas
computer-assisted instruction — kompiuterinis mokymas statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Mokymas programuoti mokymo medžiagą norimiems rezultatams gauti. kilmė angl. computer – elektroninė skaičiavimo mašina atitikmenys: angl. computer assisted instruction vok.… … Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas
computer-assisted instruction — kompiuterinis mokymas statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Visų mokymo programos dalykų individualus ir grupinis mokymas per teikiant jų turinį, nurodant mokymosi būdus, įrašant mokinių atsakymus, juos vertinant ir t. t. Kompiuteris kartais… … Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas
Компьютеризованное обучение (computer-assisted instruction) — Распространение небольших, мощных и недорогих персональных компьютеров привлекло к ним повышенный интерес и ускорило процесс внедрения К. о. в большинстве учебных заведений. Персональные компьютеры могут управлять множеством внешних устройств,… … Психологическая энциклопедия
Computer-assisted language learning — (CALL) is succinctly defined in a seminal work by Levy (1997: p. 1) as the search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning . CALL embraces a wide range of ICT applications and approaches to teaching… … Wikipedia
Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction — The Center for Computer Assisted Legal Instruction, also known as CALI, is a 501(c)(3) non profit consortium of mostly US law schools that conducts applied research and development in the area of computer mediated legal education. CALI was… … Wikipedia
Intelligent computer-assisted language instruction — (ICALI) involves the application of computing technologies such as Natural Language Processing (NLP), Knowledge Representation (KP), Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), Neural Networks, and Intelligent Tutoring Systems to the teaching and… … Wikipedia
Computer-aided — or computer assisted is a prefix that hints to the use of a computer as an indispensable tool in a certain field, usually derived from more traditional fields of science and engineering. Instead of the prefix computer aided or computer assisted,… … Wikipedia