bretwalda


bretwalda
or brytenwalda
Any of several Anglo-Saxon kings with lordship over kingdoms beyond their own. Used in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the title probably means "ruler of the Britons." It was given to Egbert

died 839

of Wessex and to seven earlier kings: Aelle of Sussex (fl. late 5th century), Ceawlin of Wessex

died 593

, Aethelberht of Kent

died 616

, Raedwald of East Anglia

died 616/27

, Edwin of Northumbria

died 632

, Oswald of Northumbria

died 641

, and Oswiu of Northumbria

died 670

.

* * *

▪ Anglo-Saxon royal title
also spelled  Brytenwalda, Bretenanwealda, or Brytenweald  

      any of several Anglo-Saxon kings said to have had overlordship of kingdoms beyond their own. The word is used in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in its account of the events of 829 and also in a charter of Aethelstan, king of the English, and probably means “ruler of the Britons” or “ruler of Britain.” In the Chronicle the title is given to Egbert (died 839) of Wessex, “the eighth king that was Bretwalda,” and retrospectively to seven much earlier kings: Aelle of Sussex (flourished late 5th century), Ceawlin of Wessex (d. 593), Aethelberht of Kent (d. 616), Raedwald of East Anglia (d. 616–627), Edwin of Northumbria (d. 632), Oswald of Northumbria (d. 641), and Oswiu of Northumbria (d. 670). These seven names are copied from the Venerable Bede's Historia Ecclesiastica. It has been assumed that these seven kings exercised a certain superiority over a large part of England, but if such superiority existed it is certain that it was extremely vague. Another theory is that the Bretwalda refers to a war-leadership or imperium, over the English south of the Humber and has nothing to do with Britons or Britannia.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bretwalda — (également Brytenwalda ou Bretenanwealda) est un terme anglo saxon, dont la trace la plus ancienne remonte à la Chronique anglo saxonne, compilée vers la fin du IXe siècle). Il désigne certains souverains anglo saxons ayant régné à partir du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bretwalda — Bretwalda, also Brytenwalda, Bretenanwealda, is an Anglo Saxon term, the first record of which comes from the late ninth century Anglo Saxon Chronicle . It is applied in that chronicle to some of the rulers of Anglo Saxon kingdoms from the fifth… …   Wikipedia

  • Bretwalda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bretwalda (brytenwalda, bretenanwealda) es un término anglosajón, utilizado en tiempos de la Britania posromana y designaba a un rey que detentaba una supremacía temporal sobre los restantes. Contenido 1 Origen del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bretwalda — Bret wal*da, n. [AS. Bretwalda, br?ten walda, a powerful ruler.] (Eng. Hist.) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British tribes. Brande …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bretwalda — (angelsächsisch bryten wealda, d.i. weitherrschender, mächtiger König), der jedesmal mächtigste unter den angelsächsischen Königen zur Zeit der Heptarchie in England, s. England (Gesch.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bretwalda —   [ wɔːldə], Titel angelsächsische Könige, die eine mehr oder weniger umfassende Oberhoheit über zahlreiche angelsächsische Kleinreiche ausübten. Ohne sich zu einem erblichen Großkönigtum zu entwickeln, förderte diese Hegemonie das sich früh… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bretwalda — Angelsächsische Chronik (MS C), Eintrag für 827(829) Bretwalda (zu dt.: den weithin Herrschenden) ist ein Begriff aus dem angelsächsischen England, der in der Angelsächsischen Chronik verwendet wurde. Mit der Zusammenstellung der Angelsächsischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bretwalda —    Term used to designate any Anglo Saxon king who exercised power over all of southern England, bretwalda, or bretwald, was probably a scribal correction of the Old English term Brytenwealda, which probably meant Britain ruler or ruler of the… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Bretwalda — Lit. ruler of Britons . A title given to outstanding *Saxon kings before England was a unified, coherent political entity. In *ASC, one MS uses bretwalda, others brytenwalda under the year 829. Bretwalda was used by Bede when he named kings… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • bretwalda — ˈbretˌwȯldə,  ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Old English bretwalda, brytenwealda, probably from Bryten Britain + walda, wealda (from wealdan to rule) more at wield : the chief king in Anglo Saxon England used as a… …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.