Yangdi


Yangdi
or Yang-ti orig. Yang Guang

born 569, China
died 618, Jiangdu, Jiangsu province

Second ruler of the Chinese Sui dynasty.

Under Yangdi, canals were built and great palaces erected. In 608 he built a great canal linking the rice-producing areas in the south with the densely populated north, and he extended this system in 610, contributing to what was to become the Grand Canal network. He embarked on military campaigns in Vietnam and Inner Asia. Three expeditions to Korea were so disastrous that the Chinese people turned against him; he was assassinated in southern China. One of his former officials reunited the empire and established the Tang dynasty. See also Wendi.

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▪ emperor of Sui dynasty
Wade-Giles romanization  Yang-ti  , personal name (xingming)  Yang Guang , or  Yang Ying 
born 569, China
died 618, Jiangdu [now Yangzhou, Jiangsu province]

      posthumous name (shi) of the second and penultimate emperor (604–617/618) of the Sui dynasty (581–618). Under the Yangdi emperor canals were built and great palaces erected.

      He acceded to the throne in 604, and it is generally agreed that he did so after assassinating his father (the Wendi emperor) and his elder brother. Embarking on a costly program of construction and conquest, in 608 he built a great canal between the rice-producing areas in the south and the Beijing area in the north. Yangdi extended this transportation system in 610, beginning the Grand Canal network that was later used to supply the capital and northern border armies with food from the south. He strengthened China's northern border by rebuilding, at great expense, the Great Wall (Great Wall of China) separating China from Inner Asia. Yangdi further strained his dwindling resources by spending lavish sums on palace construction and ornamentation, stocking his private park with mature trees carried on specially constructed carts from distant forests. Finally, he embarked on a series of foreign adventures, extending the Chinese empire south to present-day Vietnam and north into Inner Asia. But his three expeditions against the Koreans between 612 and 614 ended so disastrously that the Chinese people became disheartened and broke out in revolt. Yangdi's final trip was to Jiangdu (present-day Yangzhou) in southeast China, where he was eventually assassinated. One of his former officials (Li Yuan) reunited the empire and founded the Tang dynasty (618–907), ruling as the Gaozu emperor.

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Universalium. 2010.

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