- Yamazaki Ansai
born Jan. 24, 1619, Kyōto, Japandied Oct. 16, 1682, KyōtoJapanese exponent of the philosophy of the Chinese Neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi.Early in life he was a Buddhist monk, but he gradually rejected Buddhism in favour of Confucianism, which he began to teach to thousands of students. He reduced Neo-Confucianism to a simple moral code, which he then blended with native Shintō religious doctrines. He equated Neo-Confucian principles and theories with Shintō legends and divinity, creating a philosophical system that took on greater authority than its sources possessed alone. His thought was one of the sources of the extreme nationalism and emperor worship that developed later in Japan.
* * *▪ Japanese philosopherborn Jan. 24, 1619, Kyōto, Japandied Oct. 16, 1682, Kyōtopropagator in Japan of the philosophy of the Chinese neo-Confucian philosopher Chu Hsi (Zhu Xi) (1130–1200). Ansai reduced neo-Confucianism to a simple moral code, which he then blended with the native Shintō religious doctrines. This amalgamation was known as Suika Shintō.A Buddhist monk early in life, Ansai began to study Confucianism and gradually turned against Buddhism. By the time he was 29, he had become a Confucian teacher, gathering thousands of students, among whom were some of the greatest scholars of the day.From the complex philosophic system of Chu Hsi, Ansai extracted the simple formula “Devotion within, righteousness without.” By the former he meant the neo-Confucian emphasis on sincerity and seriousness. But in Ansai's hands, these concepts took on religious connotations. Indeed, as Ansai grew older, he began to combine the ethical doctrines of Confucianism with the religious values of Shintō. He equated the Chinese speculations on the universe with Shintō creation legends and identified the various elements of the neo-Confucian metaphysical principles with the Shintō gods. The Supreme Ultimate (T'ai Chi (taiji)) of the neo-Confucianists (i.e., the normative principle underlying the various objects and affairs of the world) became identified in Ansai's system with the first two divinities mentioned in the Shintō religious chronicles.His amalgamation of Confucian morality with the Shintō tradition of the divine origin of the imperial line was one of the philosophical roots of the later extreme Japanese nationalism and emperor worship. Ansai was himself intensely nationalistic: he instructed his disciples that if Confucius and his great disciple Mencius were to come to Japan at the head of an invading army, the students would be obliged to don their armour and attempt to capture both sages.
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Yamazaki Ansai — Infobox Philosopher region = Japan era = Early Tokugawa Era color = #B0C4DE image caption = Yamazaki Ansai name = Yamazaki Ansai birth = January 24, 1619, Kyoto death = September 16, 1682. Kyoto school tradition = Buddhism, Neo Confucianism,… … Wikipedia
Yamazaki, Ansai — (1618 1682) An eminent scholar of the early Tokugawa period who studied Tendai and Rinzai Zen Buddhism before rejecting Buddhism and turning to shushi Confucianism and then Shinto, in which he was instructed by Watarai, Nobuyoshi. He left the… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto
Yamazaki Ansai — (24 ene. 1619, Kioto, Japón–16 oct. 1682, Kioto). Exponente japonés de la filosofía del neoconfucianista chino Zhu Xi. En su juventud fue un monje budista, pero gradualmente rechazó el budismo para abrazar el confucianismo, doctrina que empezó a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Yamazaki — (山崎, 山嵜, 山咲, etc.; the first being the most common) can refer to several Japanese people, places and characters. The same characters are for some purposes pronounced Yamasaki.Real people* Yamazaki (family) * Yamazaki Ansai, philosopher * Erina… … Wikipedia
Yamazaki — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Yamazaki (山崎, 山嵜, 山咲, etc.; la première écriture étant la plus courante) est un nom de famille japonais et un nom de lieu. Personnes famille Yamazaki… … Wikipédia en Français
Asami, Keisai — (1652 1711) An outstanding scholar of Confucianism and one of thousands of pupils of the influential Confucian Shinto scholar Yamazaki, Ansai. Asami was critical of Ansai s views on Shinto and was expelled from his school, but was later… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto
Suiga shinto — Or suika shinto. Conferment of benefits Shinto or Descent of divine blessing Shinto . A Neo Confucian, anti Buddhist school of thought and Shinto lineage founded by Yamazaki, Ansai (1616 1682). Suiga shinto combined two main influences. First… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto
Shinto sects and schools — Torii gate typical from Shinto shrines Shinto (神道, shintō?), the … Wikipedia
Honji-suijaku — Shintōistische und buddhistische Figuren als auch Architekturelemente beim Jōgyō ji in Kamakura Shinbutsu Shūgō (jap. 神仏習合) oder auch Shinbutsu Konkō (神仏混交) ist die japanische Bezeichnung für den Shintō bzw. Kami … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shinbutsu-Shugo — Shintōistische und buddhistische Figuren als auch Architekturelemente beim Jōgyō ji in Kamakura Shinbutsu Shūgō (jap. 神仏習合) oder auch Shinbutsu Konkō (神仏混交) ist die japanische Bezeichnung für den Shintō bzw. Kami … Deutsch Wikipedia