Xu Beihong


Xu Beihong
or Hsü Pei-hung

born July 19, 1895, Yixing, Jiangsu province, China
died Sept. 26, 1953, Beijing

Chinese artist and art educator.

Xu became an itinerant professional painter in his early teens and an art teacher before reaching age 20. He first visited Shanghai in 1912, and over the next few years he studied Western-style painting. In 1918 Xu traveled to Beiping (now Beijing), where he was appointed a teacher at the Beiping University's Art Research Association. During this period Xu began to teach that only the realist approach from recent Western painting could revive Chinese painting. After studying in Paris and Berlin, Xu held a large-scale, one-person exhibition in Shanghai in 1926 that firmly established his fame as a modern Chinese master. He was best known for his history paintings, portraits, and pictures of horses, cats, and other animals, and he was competent both in Western media and in the traditional Chinese ink-and-wash method. His rigorous and stylish illustrations of horses were especially highly acclaimed by Chinese critics and connoisseurs and helped gain him an international reputation. In 1927 Xu returned permanently to China, where he continued to teach.

* * *

▪ Chinese painter
Wade-Giles romanization  Hsü Pei-hung 
born July 19, 1895, Yixing, Jiangsu province, China
died September 26, 1953, Beijing

      influential Chinese artist and art educator who, in the first half of the 20th century, argued for the reformation of Chinese art through the incorporation of lessons from the West.

      Xu was first taught art in his childhood by his father, Xu Dazhang, a locally known portrait painter. Xu became an itinerant professional painter in his early teens and an art teacher before reaching age 20. He first visited Shanghai in 1912, and over the next few years he studied Western-style painting and the French language. Perhaps the most pivotal moment of his early career occurred when he met Kang Youwei, the leading exponent of reforms in Chinese art, who deeply impressed the young man with his arguments that Chinese art would perish unless it learned from Western art.

      In 1918 Xu traveled to Beiping (now Beijing), where he was appointed a teacher at the Beiping University's Art Research Association. In the same year he presented a paper, “Methods to Reform Chinese Painting,” in which he clearly expressed his view that Chinese painting had declined to a critical point. In order to modernize it, Xu urged artists to “preserve those traditional methods which are good, revive those which are moribund, and amalgamate those elements of Western painting which can be adopted.” Throughout his career, Xu was thoroughly convinced that only the realist approach from recent Western painting could revive Chinese painting. He also supported the revitalization of figure painting in Chinese painting, which “should reflect the activities of humankind.”

      With the help of a government scholarship, Xu left China for France to further his studies in 1919. During the next eight years he received a solid academic training in Paris at the Académie Julian and the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts. Xu also studied under Arthur Kampf, President of the Berlin Academy of Art, while living in the German capital from 1921 to 1923.

      In February 1926 Xu held a large-scale, one-person exhibition in Shanghai that firmly established his fame as a modern Chinese master. He was best known for his history paintings, portraits, and pictures of horses, cats, and other animals, and he was competent both in Western media and in the traditional Chinese ink-and-wash method. Although he proclaimed himself a dedicated realist, a close investigation of his history paintings reveals that they contain elevating heroism and didactic intentions, key characteristics of realism's antithesis at the time, French Neoclassicism. His rigorous and stylish illustrations of horses were especially highly acclaimed by Chinese critics and connoisseurs and helped gain him an international reputation.

      Xu returned to China permanently in 1927 and continued to teach. As a teacher, he strictly followed the instructions of the Western academies: he insisted that art students study their subjects carefully in the natural world and that their lessons always start from drawing, the basis and foundation of all painting. During the 1930s he widely exhibited his paintings in China and Europe. He took up the post of president of the Beiping Art College in 1946, and, after the Communist Revolution of 1949, he served as chairman of the All-China Federation of Artists and as president of the Central Academy of Fine Arts.

      Although his years as a student in Europe coincided with the rise of avant-gardism, Xu was openly and strongly opposed to paintings by Modernist artists such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, whom he denounced as formalist and proof of the decadence of Western capitalism. As a result of this stance, and in spite of his work for reform, later generations accused Xu of setting back the development of Chinese art.

Q.L. Wan Edwin Lai Kin Keung
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xu Beihong — 徐悲鸿 Xú Bēihóng Xú Bēihóng en 1953 Naissance 19 juillet 1895 Yíxīng …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xu Beihong — chinese name|XuInfobox Artist bgcolour = #FFF000 name = Xu Beihong (徐悲鴻) imagesize = caption = birthname = birthdate = birth date|1895|7|19 location = Yixing, Jiangsu CHN deathdate = death date and age|1953|9|26|1895|7|19 deathplace = nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Home Inns - Shanghai Hongqiao Beihong Road — (Шанхай,Китай) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 1129 Beihong Road, Changning District, Changning, 200 …   Каталог отелей

  • Xu Beihong — Xú Bēihóng (chinesisch 徐悲鸿, W. G. Hsü Pei hung; * 19. Juli 1895 in Yixing (Jiangsu); † 26. September 1953 in Peking) war der erste chinesische Maler, der westliche Stilelemente in seinen Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xu Beihong —   [ɕy ], Hsü Pei hung, Ju Péon, chinesischer Maler, * Ixing (Provinz Jiangsu) 19. 7. 1895, ✝ Peking 26. 9. 1953; studierte 1919 25 in Paris, kehrte 1927 nach China zurück, ab 1946 Direktor der Kunstakademie in Peking; besonders bekannt als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Xu Beihong — o Hsü Pei hung (19 jul. 1895, Yixing, provincia de Jiangsu, China –26 sep. 1953, Beijing). Artista y educador de arte chino. Xu se convirtió en pintor profesional itinerante al iniciar su adolescencia, y en profesor de arte antes de cumplir los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chinesische Tuschmalerei — Dem Wind in den Kiefern lauschend (Ma Lin, 1246) Die Chinesische Malerei ist eine Ausprägung der chinesischen Kunst und damit der chinesischen Kultur. Wie die chinesische Geschichtsschreibung kann sie auf einen langen Zeitraum zurückblicken. Wenn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Put Down Your Whip — Artwork title=Put Down Your Whip artist=Xu Beihong year=1939 type=Oil painting height=144 width=90 Put Down Your Whip is a 1939 oil painting by Chinese Realism painter Xu Beihong. Completed during Xu s stay in Singapore, the painting was… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinesische Bronze — Landschaftstuschbild von Dǒng Qíchāng (1555–1636) Gelber Kranich Pagode in Wuhan Chinesische Kunst ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kunst Chinas — Landschaftstuschbild von Dǒng Qíchāng (1555–1636) Gelber Kranich Pagode in Wuhan Chinesische Kunst ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.