Wölfflin, Heinrich

Wölfflin, Heinrich
born June 21, 1864, Basel, Switz.
died July 19, 1945, Basel

Swiss art historian.

He was educated at the universities of Basel, Berlin, and Munich, and his doctoral thesis already showed the approach he was later to develop: an analysis of form based on a psychological interpretation of the creative process. His chief work, Principles of Art History (1915), synthesized his ideas into a complete aesthetic system that was to become of great importance in art criticism. He eschewed the popular anecdotal approach and emphasized the formal stylistic analysis of drawing, composition, light, colour, subject matter, and other pictorial elements as they were handled similarly by the painters of a particular period or national school.

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▪ Swiss historian
born June 21, 1864, Basel, Switz.
died July 19, 1945, Basel

      writer on aesthetics and the most important art historian of his period writing in German.

      Wölfflin was educated at the universities of Basel, Berlin, and Munich. His doctoral thesis, Prolegomena zu einer Psychologie der Architektur (1886), already showed the approach that he was later to develop and perfect: an analysis of form based on a psychological interpretation of the creative process. He pursued this method in books on the Renaissance and Baroque periods and on Albrecht Dürer: Renaissance und Barock (1888); Die klassische Kunst (1899; The Art of the Italian Renaissance; also titled Classic Art); and Die Kunst Albrecht Dürers (1905). His chief work was Kunstgeschichtliche Grundbegriffe (1915; Principles of Art History), which synthesized his ideas into a complete aesthetic system that was to become of great importance in art criticism.

      In contrast to the anecdotal approaches that had proved popular in the 19th century, Wölfflin emphasized the formal stylistic analysis of drawing, composition, light, colour, subject matter, and other pictorial elements as they were handled similarly by the painters of a particular period or national school. With this system of comparative stylistic analysis he hoped to establish a set of objective criteria for understanding and evaluating individual works of art. Thanks to Wölfflin, the term Baroque (Baroque period) entered the language of cultural history to describe not only a distinctive style (or styles) of architecture but also an entire period and the artistic impulse that prevailed in it. Wölfflin's distinction between Renaissance and Baroque is often seen as the most successful application of Hegel's conception of art as an expression of the Zeitgeist, or spirit of the time. Though his approach is no longer widely endorsed, it had great influence on subsequent art historians and helped establish art history as an intellectually rigorous discipline of modern scholarship.

      Wölfflin's work as a professor at the universities of Basel (1893–1901), Berlin (1901–12), Munich (1912–24), and Zürich (1924–34) contributed greatly to the spread of his ideas.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Wölfflin, Heinrich — (21 jun. 1864, Basilea, Suiza–19 jul. 1945, Basilea). Historiador del arte suizo. Fue educado en las universidades de Basilea, Berlín y Munich. Su tesis doctoral ya demostraba el planteamiento que desarrollaría posteriormente: un análisis de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinrich Wolfflin — Heinrich Wölfflin Heinrich Wölfflin est un historien de l art, écrivain et professeur suisse né à Winterthour le 24 juin 1864[1]et mort à Zurich le 19 juillet 1945. Wölfflin a en réalité suivi des études de philosophie, mais… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heinrich Wölfflin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wölfflin. Heinrich Wölfflin, photographie de Rudolf Dührkoop Heinrich Wölfflin est un historien de l art, écrivai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heinrich — /huyn rik/; Ger. /huyn rddikh/, n. a male given name, Germanic form of Henry. * * * (as used in expressions) Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff Johann Heinrich count von Böll Heinrich Theodor Boveri Theodor Heinrich Brauchitsch Heinrich Alfred… …   Universalium

  • Heinrich — (as used in expressions) Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich, conde von Böll, Heinrich (Theodor) Boveri, Theodor Heinrich Brauchitsch, (Heinrich Alfred) Walther von Brüning, Heinrich Brunner, (Heinrich) Emil Bülow, Bernhard… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinrich Wölfflin — (June 21 1864 ndash; July 19 1945) was a famous Swiss art critic, whose objective classifying principles ( painterly vs. linear and the like) were influential in the development of formal analysis in the history of art during the 20th century. He …   Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Wölfflin — (Foto von Rudolf Dührkoop) Heinrich Wölfflin (* 21. Juni 1864 in Winterthur; † 19. Juli 1945 in Zürich) war einer der bedeutendsten Schweizer Kunsthistoriker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Wölfflin — (21 de junio de 1864 Winterthur 19 de julio de 1945, Zurich) fue un famoso crítico del arte suizo, profesor en Basilea, Berlín y Munich, considerado como uno de los mejores historiadores de arte de toda Europa. Contenido 1 Trayectoria 2 El punto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • WÖLFFLIN (H.) — La forme est une notion ambiguë dans les arts visuels; elle y désigne tantôt la configuration de l’objet représenté par l’artiste, tantôt les éléments et le système dont il se sert pour rendre compte des objets. Dans le premier sens, la forme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heinrich Bartmann — Heinrich Bartmann, 1936 Heinrich Bartmann (* 6. September 1898 in Köln; † 11. Mai 1982 in Baden Baden; vollständiger Name: Heinrich Paul Franz Maria Bartmann) war ein deutscher Architekt, Stadtplaner und Hochschullehrer …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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