- Wrangel Island
Island, northeastern Russia.Located in the Arctic Ocean, it is crossed by the 180th meridian. It has an area of some 2,800 sq mi (7,300 sq km). Although it reaches an altitude of 3,596 ft (1,096 m) at Sovetskaya Mountain, there are no glaciers. The Russian explorer Ferdinand P. Wrangel, for whom the island was later named, determined its location from accounts of Siberian natives but did not land there during his mapping of the Siberian coast in the early 1820s. Russian fur traders subsequently visited the island, and it was sighted by U.S. vessels in 1867 and 1881. Survivors of a sunken Canadian ship reached Wrangel in 1914, and the leader of the expedition created an international incident in the early 1920s when he claimed Wrangel for Canada without authorization. The Soviet Union then annexed the island, and permanent occupation began in 1926. Wrangel Island State Reserve, established in 1976, occupies 1,730,000 ac (700,000 ha).
* * *Russian Ostrov Vrangelya,Chukchi autonomous okrug (district), far northeastern Russia, in the Arctic Ocean, separating the East Siberian Sea from the Chukchi Sea. The long, narrow island is about 78 miles (125 km) wide and occupies an area of some 2,800 square miles (7,300 square km). It is separated from the Siberian mainland by Long Strait. Wrangel Island is part of the region of Arctic tundra, much of it low-lying lichen. Although the highest part of the island reaches 3,596 feet (1,096 m) at Sovetskaya Mountain, discovered in 1938, there are no glaciers. Geologically, Wrangel Island consists of crystalline slates, granites, and gneisses together with alluvial sands. There are many small lakes, and the northern and southwestern coasts are characterized by numerous sandspits enclosing lagoons. The seas around the island are rarely free from pack ice. The climate is Arctic, with a mean July temperature of 36° F (2.4° C). In summer there is a large bird population, as well as lemmings, Arctic fox, and polar bears.Russian writings claim Russian knowledge of the island from the early 18th century. The Russian explorer Ferdinand P. Wrangel, for whom the island was later named, determined its location from accounts of Siberian natives but did not land there during his mapping of the Siberian coast in the early 1820s. Russian fur traders subsequently visited the island, and it was sighted by U.S. vessels in 1867 and 1881. Survivors of a sunken Canadian ship reached Wrangel in 1914, and the leader of the expedition, Vilhjalmur Stefansson (Stefansson, Vilhjalmur), created an international incident in the early 1920s when he claimed Wrangel for Canada without authorization. The Soviet Union then annexed the island, and permanent occupation began with the landing of Chukchi and Russian families in 1926. Wrangel Island State Reserve, established in 1976, occupies 2,700 square miles (7,000 square km) and contains polar bears, walruses, and reindeer. The reserve was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Wrangel Island — For the Alaskan island, see Wrangell Island. Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve * UNESCO World Heritage Site … Wikipedia
Wrangel Island — /ræŋgəl ˈaɪlənd/ (say rangguhl uyluhnd) noun an Arctic island of Russia lying about 130 km north of eastern Siberia. About 7250 km2 … Australian English dictionary
Wrangel Island — … Useful english dictionary
Wrangel Island Lemming — Taxobox name = Wrangel Island Lemming status = image width = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Rodentia superfamilia = Muroidea familia = Cricetidae subfamilia = Arvicolinae genus = Lemmus species = L. portenkoi… … Wikipedia
Wrangel — or Wrangell can refer to:* House of Wrangel, a Baltic German noble family **Herman Wrangel, a Swedish Governor General of Livonia, Field Marshal, and Privy Councillor **Carl Gustaf Wrangel, a Swedish soldier and Privy Councillor (son of Herman… … Wikipedia
Wrangel Lemming — Conservation status Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1) … Wikipedia
island — islandish, islandlike, adj. islandless, adj. /uy leuhnd/, n. 1. a tract of land completely surrounded by water, and not large enough to be called a continent. 2. something resembling an island, esp. in being isolated or having little or no direct … Universalium
Wrangel, Ferdinand Petrovich — ▪ Russian explorer Russian Ferdinand Petrovich Vrangel born Jan. 9, 1797, [Dec. 29, 1796, Old Style], Pskov, Russia died June 6 [May 25], 1870, Tartu, Estonia, Russian Empire Russian explorer who completed the mapping of the northeastern … Universalium
Wrangel — [raŋ′gəl; ] Russ [ vrän′gel΄y ] [after Baron F. von Wrangel(l): see WRANGELL] island of Russia in the Chukchi Sea: c. 2,000 sq mi (5,180 sq km) … English World dictionary
Wrangel — Wappen derer von Wrangel Wrangel auch Wrangell ist der Name eines baltischen Adelsgeschlechts. Die Herren, Freiherren und Grafen von Wrangel zählen zu den namhaftesten Geschlechtern des baltischen Uradels. Zweige der Familie bestehen bis heute … Deutsch Wikipedia