Wilson, Teddy

Wilson, Teddy
orig. Theodore Shaw Wilson

born Nov. 24, 1912, Austin, Texas, U.S.
died July 31, 1986, New Britain, Conn.

U.S. pianist and bandleader.

He began recording as the leader of small groups in 1935. These recordings, often featuring vocalist Billie Holiday, are classics of small-group swing. Wilson joined Benny Goodman's trio in 1936. After 1940 he worked primarily as a leader of small ensembles or as a solo pianist, showcasing his tasteful and refined amalgam of the styles of Fats Waller, Earl Hines, and Art Tatum.

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▪ American musician
byname of  Theodore Shaw Wilson 
born Nov. 24, 1912, Austin, Texas, U.S.
died July 31, 1986, New Britain, Conn.
 American jazz musician who was one of the leading pianists during the big band era of the 1930s and '40s; he was also considered a major influence on subsequent generations of jazz pianists.

      Wilson's family moved to Alabama in 1918, where his father found employment at the Tuskegee Institute. He played several instruments in high school, and he entered Talladega College as a music major. After a year he left college, moving to Detroit in 1929 and joining Speed Webb's band; in 1931 he moved to Chicago. Beginning in 1933, Wilson recorded and worked with Louis Armstrong (Armstrong, Louis), Jimmie Noone (Noone, Jimmie), Benny Carter (Carter, Benny), and Willie Bryant. He made a breakthrough in 1935. After playing in an informal jam session with Benny Goodman (Goodman, Benny) and Gene Krupa (Krupa, Gene), Wilson became an original member of the Benny Goodman Trio (soon to become a quartet with the addition of vibraphonist Lionel Hampton (Hampton, Lionel)), one of the first racially integrated groups in popular music. Wilson also began leading a series of small-group recordings (1935–42) produced by John Hammond (Hammond, John), including classic series with Billie Holiday (Holiday, Billie) and with Mildred Bailey (Bailey, Mildred).

      Wilson started his own big band in 1939 but disbanded it in 1940 and turned to small-group work. The pianist had many reunions with Goodman through the years, but he mostly led his own trio after 1944. He also taught at the Juilliard School (1945–52), worked on radio shows (1946–55), and occasionally took part in big band nostalgia shows. He appeared in the film The Benny Goodman Story (1955).

      Wilson's admitted models were Earl Hines (Hines, Earl), Fats Waller (Waller, Fats), and Art Tatum (Tatum, Art), but he went on to follow his own musical path. The critic Jon Pareles wrote after his death that he “showed how…melodies could glide and pirouette, with graceful delicacy and just a hint of the blues.” His impeccable and lightly swinging piano style was widely influential in the jazz and popular music worlds. In 1996 his book Teddy Wilson Talks Jazz (with Arie Lighthart and Humphrey van Loo) was published.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Wilson, Teddy — orig. Theodore Shaw Wilson (24 nov. 1912, Austin, Texas, EE.UU.–31 jul. 1986, New Britain, Conn.). Pianista y líder de bandas estadounidense. En 1935 comenzó a grabar como líder de conjuntos pequeños. Estas grabaciones, en las que a menudo se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Teddy Wilson — en 1940 (photo William P. Gottlieb) Nom Theodore Shaw Teddy Wilson Naissance 24 novembre 1912 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Teddy — may mean: * Teddy (horse), a famous racehorse and sire * Teddy (the Sennett dog), Mack Sennett s dog in his silent movies * The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study * Teddy (lingerie), a form of bodysuit like lingerie …   Wikipedia

  • Wilson — Wilson, Angus Wilson, Charles Thompson Rees Wilson, Colin Wilson, Colin St. John Wilson, Henry Maitland Wilson, James Harold Wilson, John Wilson, Kenneth …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wilson — /wil seuhn/, n. 1. Sir Angus (Frank Johnstone) /jon steuhn, seuhn/, 1913 91, English writer. 2. August, born 1945, U.S. playwright. 3. Charles Thomson Rees /tom seuhn rees/, 1869 1959, Scottish physicist: Nobel prize 1927. 4. Edmund, 1895 1972, U …   Universalium

  • Teddy Wilson — am Klavier, zusammen mit den Musikern um Benny Goodman (3. von links) Teddy Wilson (eigentlich Theodore Shaw Wilson; * 24. November 1912 in Austin, Texas; † 31. Juli 1986 in New Britain (Connecticut)) gilt als einer der wichtigsten US am …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Teddy Geiger — Datos generales Nombre real John Theodore Geiger II Nacimie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Teddy Edwards — (Theodore Marcus Edwards, * 26. April 1924 in Jackson, Mississippi; † 20. April 2003 in Los Angeles) war ein Tenorsaxophonist und Bandleader des Blues und Modern Jazz. Mit 16 Jahren spielte Edwards als Altsaxophonist und Klarinettist in Detroit,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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