- Wilson, Edward O(sborne)
U.S. biologist.He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University, where he taught from 1956. Recognized as the world's leading authority on ants, he discovered their use of pheromone for communication. His The Insect Societies (1971) was the definitive treatment of the subject. In 1975 he published Sociobiology, a highly controversial and influential study of the genetic basis of social behaviour in which he claimed that even a characteristic such as unselfish generosity may be genetically based and may have evolved through natural selection, that preservation of the gene rather than the individual is the focus of evolutionary strategy, and that the essentially biological principles on which animal societies are based apply also to human social behaviour. In On Human Nature (1978, Pulitzer Prize) he explored sociobiology's implications in regard to human aggression, sexuality, and ethics. With Bert Hölldobler he wrote the major study The Ants (1990, Pulitzer Prize). In The Diversity of Life (1992) he examined how the world's species became diverse and the massive extinctions caused by 20th-century human activities. In Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge (1998) he proposed that all of existence can be organized and understood in accordance with a few fundamental natural laws.
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См. также в других словарях:
Wilson, Edward O(sborne) — (n. 10 jun. 1929, Birmingham, Ala., EE.UU.). Biólogo estadounidense. Obtuvo su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Harvard, donde enseñó desde 1956. Reconocido como la mayor autoridad mundial en hormigas, descubrió que estas emplean feromonas para… … Enciclopedia Universal
Wilson — Wilson, Angus Wilson, Charles Thompson Rees Wilson, Colin Wilson, Colin St. John Wilson, Henry Maitland Wilson, James Harold Wilson, John Wilson, Kenneth … Enciclopedia Universal
Edward — (as used in expressions) Abbey, Edward Acheson, Edward Goodrich Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Albee, Edward (Franklin) Edward Teach Bax, Sir Arnold (Edward Trevor) Bellamy, Edward Bernays, Edward L. Charles… … Enciclopedia Universal
Osborne — Osborne, John * * * (as used in expressions) Osborne, John (James) Reynolds, Osborne Wilson, Edward O(sborne) … Enciclopedia Universal