White, Stanford


White, Stanford
born Nov. 9, 1853, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died June 25, 1906, New York City

U.S. architect.

He trained with Henry Hobson Richardson. In 1880 he formed an architectural firm with Charles F. McKim and William R. Mead that soon became the most famous in the country, known especially for its Shingle-style country and seaside mansions. The firm later led the U.S. trend toward Neoclassical architecture. White's design for the Casino (1881) at Newport, R.I., exhibited his characteristic use of gracefully proportioned structures and Italian Renaissance ornamentation. His New York commissions included Madison Square Garden (1891) and the Washington Arch (1891). A versatile artist, he also designed jewelry, furniture, and interiors. An extrovert noted for his lavish entertainments, he was shot to death at Madison Square Garden by Harry Thaw, the husband of the showgirl Evelyn Nesbit, with whom White had had a love affair.

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▪ American architect
born Nov. 9, 1853, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died June 25, 1906, New York

      American architect and the most imaginative partner in the influential architectural firm McKim, Mead, and White.

      Stanford White was the son of the essayist, critic, and Shakespearean scholar Richard Grant White. He was carefully trained as an architect by Henry Hobson Richardson. In June 1880 he joined Charles Follen McKim and William Rutherford Mead in founding a new architectural firm that soon became the most popular and prolific one in the country. Until about 1887 their organization concentrated on designing large country and seaside mansions in what was called the Shingle style. White designed one of the subtlest of these informally planned structures, the Casino (1881) at Newport, R.I. Subsequently, the partners, aided by their gifted draftsman Joseph Morrill Wells, led the American trend toward Neoclassicism and away from the more original styles then being developed in Chicago and elsewhere.

      White excelled at designing gracefully proportioned structures set off by exquisite Italian Renaissance ornamentation. Among his more important commissions in New York City were the Madison Square Garden (1891), the Washington Memorial Arch (1891), the New York Herald Building (1892), and the Madison Square Presbyterian Church (1906). White was a versatile artist who designed jewelry, furniture, and a wide range of interior decorations. An enthusiastic and extroverted man, he was noted for his lavish entertainments. He was shot to death at Madison Square Garden by Henry Kendall (“Harry”) Thaw, the jealous husband of the showgirl Evelyn Nesbit, with whom White had had a love affair.

Additional Reading
Charles C. Baldwin, Stanford White (1931, reprinted 1976), deals with White's architectural career; Suzannah Lessard, The Architect of Desire: Beauty and Danger in the Stanford White Family (1996), discusses the broader biography. Books that examine his work and milieu include Paul R. Baker, Stanny: The Gilded Life of Stanford White (1989); and David Garrard Lowe, Stanford White's New York, rev. ed. (1999).

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Universalium. 2010.

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