- Visconti, Luchino
orig. Don Luchino Visconti, count di Modroneborn Nov. 2, 1906, Milandied March 17, 1976, RomeItalian film and theatre director.Born into the nobility, he became an assistant to Jean Renoir in 1935. He directed his first film, Ossessione (1942), in a style foreshadowing the Neorealism of Roberto Rossellini and Vittorio De Sica. His later films include the documentary-style drama La terra trema (1948), Senso (1954), Rocco and His Brothers (1960), The Leopard (1963, Golden Palm), The Damned (1969), and Death in Venice (1971). As a stage director, he introduced to Italy works by Jean Cocteau, Arthur Miller, and Tennessee Williams, and he staged operas starring Maria Callas that combined realism and spectacle.
* * *▪ Italian directorborn Nov. 2, 1906, Milandied March 17, 1976, RomeItalian motion-picture director whose realistic treatment of individuals caught in the conflicts of modern society contributed significantly to the post-World War II revolution in Italian filmmaking and earned him the title of father of Neorealism. He also established himself as an innovative theatrical and opera director in the years immediately after World War II.Born into an aristocratic family, Visconti was well acquainted with the arts: his mother was a talented musician, and throughout his childhood his father engaged performers to appear at their private theatre. He studied cello for 10 years and spent a short time as a theatrical set designer. He also had a solid classical education. In 1935 Visconti was hired as an assistant to the French motion-picture director Jean Renoir, who developed his sensitivity to social and political issues.Ossessione (1942; “Obsession”), an adaptation of James M. Cain's novel The Postman Always Rings Twice, established his reputation as a director. In it he used natural settings, combined professional actors with local residents, experimented with long-travelling camera shots, and incorporated sequences taken with hidden cameras to enhance authenticity. A masterpiece of realism, this film foreshadowed the postwar Neorealist work of such internationally important filmmakers as Roberto Rossellini and Vittorio De Sica. Six years later La terra trema (1948; The Earth Trembles), a documentary-style study of Sicilian fishermen filmed entirely on location and without actors, won the Grand Prize at the Venice Film Festival. Visconti's other widely acclaimed films include Bellissima (1951; The Most Beautiful) and Siamo donne (1953; We the Women), both starring Anna Magnani; Rocco e i suoi fratelli (1960; Rocco and His Brothers); and Il gattopardo (1963; The Leopard), based on the novel by Giuseppe di Lampedusa about a traditional aristocrat with liberal convictions, a character with whom Visconti strongly identified; Lo straniero (1967; The Stranger); La caduta degli dei (1969; The Damned); and Morte a Venezia (1971; Death in Venice). At the time of his death he had nearly finished editing his last film, L'innocente (The Innocent), based on the novel by Gabriele D'Annunzio.As a theatrical director Visconti introduced to Italy the work of such French and U.S. playwrights as Jean Cocteau, Jean-Paul Sartre, Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams, and Erskine Caldwell. He built up a repertory company that supplied actors for later films.During the 1950s Visconti produced internationally recognized operas starring the soprano Maria Callas. Combining realism and spectacle, he scored artistic successes with productions of La traviata (1955), La sonnambula (1955), and Don Carlos (1958, Covent Garden, London).
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Visconti,Luchino — Visconti, Luchino. Duke of Modrone. 1906 1976. Italian stage and film director considered a founder of the Italian neo realist style, which focused on ordinary people and postwar social issues. His films include La Terra Trema (1948) and Death in … Universalium
Visconti, Luchino — • ВИСКО НТИ (Visconti) Лукино (наст. фам. Висконти ди Модроне, Visconti di Modrone) (2.11.1906 17.3.1976) итал.режиссёр. Кинематографич. деятельность начал в 1936 во Франции как ассист. Ж. Ренуара в ф. Загородная прогулка . В 1940… … Кино: Энциклопедический словарь
Visconti, Luchino — (1906 1976) Screenwriter and director of opera, theater, and film. Acknowledged as one of the foremost directors of the Italian cinema, Visconti was born into a rich and noble family that traced its ancestry to the rulers of Milan during the… … Guide to cinema
Visconti, Luchino — (1906 1976) Screenwriter and director of opera, theater, and film. Acknowledged as one of the foremost directors of the Italian cinema, Visconti was born into a rich and noble family that traced its ancestry to the rulers of Milan during the… … Historical dictionary of Italian cinema
Visconti, Luchino — (1906–1976) The scion of one of Italy’s oldest and most aristocratic families, Visconti entered the cinema relatively late and was nearly 30 when a chance social contact enabled him to work with the great French director Jean Renoir.… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Visconti, Luchino — ► (1906 76) Director cinematográfico italiano. Fue premiado en el Festival de Venecia de 1948 por La tierra tiembla, en 1957 por Noches blancas, en 1960 por Rocco y sus hermanos y en el de Cannes de 1973 por El Gatopardo. Ha dirigido también:… … Enciclopedia Universal
Visconti, Luchino — pseud. di Visconti di Modrone, Luchino … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Visconti — Visconti, Luchino ► Nombre de una célebre familia gibelina de Milán, que gobernó en esta ciudad desde el s. XIII al XV, fundada por el arzobispo Otón (1207 95), primer señor de Milán (1277 95); entre sus sucesores destacan Matteo (1250 1322),… … Enciclopedia Universal
Visconti — (Louis Tullius Joachim) (1791 1853) architecte français: fontaines Molière (Paris), mausolée de Napoléon Ier aux Invalides. Visconti (Luchino) (1906 1976) cinéaste italien. Pionnier du néo réalisme (Ossessione, 1942), il réalisa des films de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Luchino Visconti — For the Milanese ruler, see Luchino Visconti (died 1349). Luchino Visconti Born Luchino Visconti di Modrone November 2, 1906(1906 11 02) Milan, Lo … Wikipedia