- Virginia, University of
U.S. public university founded in Charlottesville by Thomas Jefferson.It was chartered in 1819 and opened in 1825. Jefferson designed its beautiful campus and buildings, planned the curriculum, and selected the faculty. By the time of the Civil War, the university was second only to Harvard in size of faculty and student body. It first admitted women in 1970. In addition to its college of arts and sciences, it has schools of architecture, education, engineering and applied sciences, and nursing, as well as a business school, a graduate school, and schools of law and medicine.
* * *public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Charlottesville, Virginia, U.S., on a campus of 1,000 acres (405 hectares) near the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Founded by Thomas Jefferson (Jefferson, Thomas), it was chartered in 1819. Jefferson was aided by Joseph C. Cabell (1778–1856), a member of the Virginia Senate and the school's chief fund-raiser. The school elected Jefferson its first rector of the board of visitors (the governing body). James Madison (Madison, James) and James Monroe (Monroe, James) were other U.S. presidents who served on the university's board.Jefferson laid out the campus of his “academical village,” designed its buildings, supervised the construction of the Rotunda (which he designed based on the Pantheon in Rome), planned the curriculum, and selected the faculty. The school opened in 1825 with a faculty of eight. Jefferson introduced an elective system of study and opposed the granting of degrees as “artificial embellishments.” By the time of the American Civil War, the university was second only to Harvard in size of faculty and student body. It was essentially a graduate school until the bachelor of science degree was offered in 1868, and in 1899 the bachelor's degree became the primary degree offered. (The university had approved a master of arts degree in 1831, the primary degree in the 19th century; the M.D. was first awarded in 1828 and a degree in law in 1842.)In 1904 Edwin A. Alderman was elected the first president; previously the chief administrative officer had been the chairman of the faculty. Under Alderman (1904–31), the university established its basic modern structure. The McIntire School of Commerce was established there in 1952 and the Center for Advanced Studies in 1965. Special programs include Asian, Afro-American, and African studies, Slavic languages and literature, and environmental and computer sciences.Enrollment is largest in the College of Arts and Sciences. Other schools teach architecture, education, engineering and applied sciences, and nursing. Its graduate and professional schools include the Colgate Darden School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and schools of law and of medicine. Total enrollment is approximately 18,000.Mary Washington College in Fredericksburg (chartered in 1908 as a women's college) was consolidated with the university from 1944 to 1972. By the 1970s women were enrolled in all units of the university; previously, they could attend only selected programs and the graduate schools. Clinch Valley College (1954) at Wise, in southwestern Virginia, is an affiliated school.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Virginia University — could refer to one of several universities in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state in the southern United States: * Virginia University of Lynchburg, a historically black university in Lynchburg. * University of Virginia, a public research… … Wikipedia
Virginia University of Lynchburg — Infobox University name = Virginia University of Lynchburg native name = image size = caption = latin name = motto = Sibi Auxilium et Libertas mottoeng = established = 1886 closed = type = Private, HBCU affiliation = endowment = officer in charge … Wikipedia
West Virginia University — ▪ university, West Virginia, United States public, coeducational institution of higher learning, one of the two state universities of West Virginia, U.S.; the other is Marshall University. West Virginia University, a land grant (land grant… … Universalium
West Virginia University — Motto ΠΙΣΤΕΙ ΤΗΝ APETHN EN ΔE THI APETHI THN ΓΝΩΣIN Motto in English Add to your faith virtue and to virtue knowledge Established … Wikipedia
Southern Virginia University — Infobox University name = Southern Virginia University motto = Learn that Life is Service established = 1867 type = Private college endowment = US $300,000 [cite web title = The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) publisher =… … Wikipedia
List of West Virginia University alumni — Contents 1 Actors and actresses 2 Athletics 3 Authors 4 Business 5 Education … Wikipedia
West Virginia University Hospitals — The West Virginia University Hospitals is a not for profit corporation operating the teaching hospitals of West Virginia University.The hospitals include Ruby Memorial Hospital, WVU Children’s Hospital, the Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center, the… … Wikipedia
Potomac State College of West Virginia University — Infobox University name = Potomac State College of West Virginia University native name = image size = caption = latin name = motto = mottoeng = established = 1901cite web|url=http://potomacstatecollege.edu/about/excellence.html|title=A Century… … Wikipedia
West Virginia University Institute of Technology — Infobox University name = West Virginia University Institute of Technology motto= established=1895 provost=Scott Hurst city=Montgomery state= West Virginia country = United States enrollment=1,588 faculty=177 total (120 full time) (57 part time)… … Wikipedia
West Virginia University at Parkersburg — West Virginia University at Parkersburg, a regional campus of West Virginia University, is a community college in Parkersburg, West Virginia, and it serves seven counties in west central West Virginia. It is one of two community college elements… … Wikipedia