Villemin, Jean Antoine

Villemin, Jean Antoine
born Jan. 28, 1827, Prey, Vosges, France
died Oct. 6, 1892, Paris

French physician.

As an army doctor, he observed that healthy young men often developed tuberculosis (TB) living in the close quarters of the barracks. Aware that a similar disease in horses was transmitted by inoculation, he gave TB to rabbits by inoculating them with material from sick humans and cows, proving that it was an infectious disease. His contagion theory, published in 1867, was initially ignored but was later corroborated by other scientists' experiments.

* * *

▪ French physician
born Jan. 28, 1827, Prey, Vosges, Fr.
died Oct. 6, 1892, Paris

      French physician who proved tuberculosis to be an infectious disease, transmitted by contact from humans to animals and from one animal to another.

      Villemin studied at Bruyères and at the military medical school at Strasbourg, qualifying as an army doctor in 1853. He was sent for further study to the Val-de-Grâce, the military medical school in Paris. As an army doctor he observed that healthy young men from the country often developed tuberculosis while living in the close quarters of the barracks. Aware that glanders in horses, a similar disease, is transmitted by inoculation, Villemin began his experiments by inoculating a rabbit with tuberculous material from a deceased human patient. Tuberculous lesions were found in the rabbit three months later. He also found that rabbits inoculated with tuberculous material from cows developed the disease.

      His results, presented in 1867, were at first ignored. The French believed tuberculosis was hereditary, and German scientists knew that introducing a foreign body into a tissue would produce something like a tubercule. Villemin tried valiantly to champion the doctrine of contagion, but it was some time before his position was vindicated by the experiments of other scientists. He later proved by injection that sputum and blood from tubercular patients can transmit the disease to animals.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Villemin, Jean Antoine — (28 ene. 1827, Prey, Vosges, Francia–6 oct. 1892, París). Medico francés. Siendo médico del ejército, observó que a menudo los hombres jóvenes y sanos que vivían en los estrechos recintos de los cuarteles, desarrollaban tuberculosis (TB). Como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jean-antoine villemin — (28 janvier 1827, Prey, Vosges 6 octobre 1892, Pont du Casse près d Agen) est un médecin français. Il a démontré en 1865 que la tuberculose était une maladie infectieuse. Né dans le département des Vosges, il a étudié la médecine à l école de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Antoine Villemin — (1827 1892) was a French physician who demonstrated in 1865 that tuberculosis was an infectious disease. Villemin was born in the department of Vosges, and studied medicine at the military medical school at Strasbourg, qualifying as an army… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean-Antoine Villemin — Jean Antoine Villemin, né à Prey dans les Vosges le 25 janvier 1827 et mort à Paris le 3 octobre 1892, est un médecin militaire, hygiéniste et épidémiologiste français, connu pour avoir démontré en 1865 que la tuberculose… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Antoine Villemin — (1827 1892) fue un médico francés que demostró en 1869 que la tuberculosis era una enfermedad infecciosa. Villemin nació en el departamento de Vosges, y estudió medicina en la Escuela Militar de Medicina de Estrasburgo, obteniendo el título de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antoine — /an twahn/; Fr. /ahonn twannn /, n. 1. André /ahonn drdday /, 1858 1943, French theatrical director, manager, and critic. 2. Père /perdd/ (Francisco Ildefonso Mareno), 1748 1829, Roman Catholic priest in Louisiana: tried to establish an… …   Universalium

  • jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… …   Universalium

  • Jean — Fr. /zhahonn/ for 1, 2; /jeen/ for 3, n. 1. born 1921, Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 1964. 2. a male given name, form of John. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet Jean Boulogne Jean Baptiste Poquelin… …   Universalium

  • jean — altjean o yin/alt (voz inglesa) ► masculino Pantalón de tela muy resistente, generlamente de color, con costuras vistas. También jeans o yins para referirse a una sola prenda. * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antoine — (as used in expressions) Barye, Antoine Louis Becquerel, (Antoine) Henri Bougainville, Louis Antoine de Carême, Marie Antoine Charpentier, Marc Antoine Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marqués de Cournot, Antoine Augustin… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»