Vancouver Island


Vancouver Island
Island (pop., 2001: 705,000) off southwestern British Columbia, Canada.

It is the largest island (12,079 sq mi [31,285 sq km]) on the Pacific coast of North America. It has several peaks of more than 7,000 ft (2,100 m), as well as several fine harbours. The chief city is Victoria. It was inhabited by coastal Indians for several millennia before it was visited by early Spanish and English explorers, including Capt. James Cook in 1778. It was surveyed in 1792 by George Vancouver and was held by the Hudson's Bay Co. until it was made a British crown colony in 1849. It united with British Columbia in 1866. The island's main industries include lumbering, fishing, agriculture, and tourism.

* * *

 island lying off of southwestern British Columbia, Canada. With an area of 12,079 square miles (31,285 square km), it is the largest island on the Pacific coast of North America. Vancouver Island is separated from mainland Canada by the straits of Georgia, Johnstone, and Queen Charlotte and from the United States by Juan de Fuca Strait. The island, averaging 50 miles (80 km) in width and extending for 285 miles (460 km) along a northwest–southeast axis paralleling the mainland, is actually the top of a partially submerged mountain system. It has a deeply dissected, heavily wooded, mountainous interior with several peaks of more than 7,000 feet (2,100 metres). Flanked on the east by a coastal plain, its coastline, especially on the west, is deeply indented with fjords. Strathcona Provincial Park occupies 847 square miles (2,193 square km) in the central part of the island, while Pacific Rim National Park (193 square miles [500 square km]) is in three sections along the west coast, and Cape Scott Provincial Park (58 square miles [151 square km]) is at its northwestern tip.

 First discovered by Captain James Cook (Cook, James) (1778), the island was surveyed in 1792 by George Vancouver (Vancouver, George) and was held by the Hudson's Bay Company until it was made a British crown colony in 1849. In 1866 it was united with the mainland colony of British Columbia, which entered (in 1871) the Dominion of Canada as a province, with Victoria, the island's chief city, as the provincial capital. The island's main industries include lumbering, fishing, mining (coal, iron ore, and copper), agriculture (dairy products, fruits, and vegetables), and tourism. The major population centres, situated predominantly along the east coast, apart from Victoria, are Duncan, Nanaimo, Port Alberni, Courtenay, North Cowichan, Port Hardy, and Campbell River. The island is served by air and ferry service to mainland Canada and the United States.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vancouver Island — Satellitenbild von Vancouver Island Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vancouver Island —   [væn kuːvə aɪlənd], Insel vor der Pazifikküste Nordamerikas, Provinz British Columbia, Kanada, vom Festland durch die Königin Charlotte , die Georgia und die Juan de Fuca Straße getrennt, 31 284 km2; dicht bewaldetes Bergland zwischen 600 und 1 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vancouver Island — Infobox Islands name = Vancouver Island image caption = image size = locator Location map|Canada British Columbia|lat=49.798287|long= 126.123047|marksize=16 map custom = yes native name = native name link = nickname = location = Pacific Ocean… …   Wikipedia

  • Vancouver Island —    The largest island on the west coast of North America. Named after Captain George Vancouver, who explored this coast in the years 1792 1794. The island was first named Quadra and Vancouver in honour of the two naval officers who met at Nootka… …   The makers of Canada

  • Vancouver Island — Sp Vankùverio salà Ap Vancouver Island L ŠR Ramiajame vand., Kanada (Britų Kolumbija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vancouver Island — n. island off the southwestern coast of British Columbia (Canada) which does not contain the city of Vancouver …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Vancouver Island — noun an island off southwestern Canada (off the southwestern coast of British Columbia); the largest island off the west coast of North America • Regions: ↑British Columbia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑British Columbia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vancouver Island — geographical name island W Canada in British Columbia off SW coast; chief city Victoria area 12,408 square miles (32,261 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • VANCOUVER ISLAND —     (30), a rugged coasted island on the W. of North America; belongs to British Columbia; is separated from it by a strait of the sea; is 278 m. long and 50 to 65 m. of average breadth; is covered with forests, and only partially cultivated; is… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Vancouver Island — /vænkuvər ˈaɪlənd/ (say vankoohvuhr uyluhnd) noun a large island in south western Canada, off the south western coast of British Columbia …   Australian English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.