or Phramongkutklao or Rama VIborn Jan. 1, 1881, Bangkok, Siamdied Nov. 26, 1925, BangkokKing of Siam (Thailand; 1910–25).Educated at Oxford, Vajiravudh undertook numerous social reforms as king, including making monogamy the only legal form of marriage. In 1921 he made primary education free and compulsory. He alienated both liberals and conservatives at home but was successful in foreign policy, restoring full fiscal autonomy to Siam. A prolific writer and translator, he introduced Western forms to Thai literature, translated William Shakespeare's works, and composed about 50 original plays.
* * *▪ king of Siamalso Phramongkutklao, or Rama Viborn Jan. 1, 1881, Bangkokdied Nov. 26, 1925, Bangkokking of Siam from 1910 to 1925, noted for his progressive reforms and prolific writings.Vajiravudh was educated at Oxford University, where he read history and law; he also received military training at Sandhurst and served briefly with the British Army. Having been named heir apparent in 1895, he returned to Siam in 1903 and succeeded his father, Chulalongkorn, in 1910. Although not comparable to his father as an administrative and political reformer, he promoted numerous social reforms, including a recodification of Siamese law to make monogamy the only legal form of marriage, adoption of the Gregorian calendar, implementation of universal smallpox vaccination, the establishment of the Thai Red Cross, and enactment of a law that required all subjects to take surnames. In 1917 he founded Chulalongkorn University, the first in Siam, and in 1921 he made universal primary education free and compulsory. His attempts to close gambling houses and opium dens, however, met with popular resistance.Vajiravudh's long overseas education isolated him from the life of his people; moreover, his uncritical love of English traditions led to such unwise actions as the founding of a royal paramilitary force under his direct command, the Wild Tiger Corps, outside the regular armed forces. Resentment of this corps, coupled with youthful impatience with Siam's slow political development, led to an abortive plot against him led by young army and navy officers in 1912. He frustrated and alienated not only conservatives, who saw his reforms as undermining of traditional society and his personal life as scandalous, but also liberals, who were offended by his refusal to grant a constitution and by his obstinacy in maintaining the primacy of the absolute monarch.Vajiravudh, however, had considerable success in foreign policy. He entered World War (World War II) I on the side of the Allies in 1917 and joined the League of Nations. He used the increased willingness of the Western powers to treat Siam as a fully equal state to gain a renegotiation of earlier unequal treaties and the renunciation of Western rights in Siam.In private life Vajiravudh was a prolific writer and translator. He introduced Western forms into Thai literature, particularly the dialogue drama. Using several dozen pseudonyms, he composed about 50 original plays, adapted more than 100 from English and French dramatists, and translated several of Shakespeare's.
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Vajiravudh — Vajiravudh. Vajiravudh ó Phra Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua o Rama VI (Bangkok, 1 de enero de 1881 Bangkok, 25 de noviembre de 1925) fue Rey de Siamn (hoy Tailandia) de 1910 a 1925. Se convirtió en el P … Wikipedia Español
Vajiravudh — Infobox Monarch name =Vajiravudh Rama VI of Siam title =King of Siam caption =HM King Vajiravudh reign =23 October, 1910–25 November, 1925 coronation = othertitles = full name =King Vajiravudh ( King Rama VI ) predecessor =King Chulalongkorn… … Wikipedia
Vajiravudh — Statue von König Vajiravudh, Lumpini Park, Bangkok Rama VI. auf zeitgenössischer Briefmarke … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vajiravudh — Rama VI Photographie de Rama VI Le roi Vajiravudh, (1er janvier, 1881 – 25 novembre, 1925), nom dynastique Rama VI (Phrabat Somdej Phra Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua en thaï : พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) fut roi du Siam (Thaïlande … Wikipédia en Français
Vajiravudh — o Phramongkutklao o Rama VI (1 ene. 1881, Bangkok, Siam–26 nov. 1925, Bangkok). Rey de Siam (Tailandia; 1910–25). Educado en Oxford, emprendió numerosas reformas sociales cuando ascendió al trono, entre ellas la de establecer la monogamia como… … Enciclopedia Universal
Vajiravudh College — An all boys Thai boarding school, Vajiravudh College was established by Phra Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua King Rama VI who is also known as King Vajiravudh. The school was originally named the Royal Pages College (in Thai:Ma had lek luang). Normally… … Wikipedia
Vajiravudh-Internat — Das Vajiravudh Internat (Thai: วชิราวุธวิทยาลัย, Vajiravudh College) ist eine thailändische allgemeinbildende Privatschule in Dusit, Bangkok, die ausschließlich Jungen aufnimmt. Das Schulangebot beginnt mit der 4. Klasse (Prathom 4) und geht bis… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rama VI — Statue von Rama VI., Lumpini Park, Bangkok Rama VI. auf zeitgenössischer Briefmarke … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rama VI. — Statue von Rama VI., Lumpini Park, Bangkok Rama VI. auf zeitgenössischer Briefmarke … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chulalongkorn — This article is about the King of Siam. For the university named after him, see Chulalongkorn University. Chulalongkorn the Great King Rama V King of Siam … Wikipedia