- Urnfield culture
Late Bronze Age culture of Europe, so called because its people placed their cremated dead in urns.This culture spread from east-central Europe and northern Italy in the 12th century BC and later to Ukraine, Sicily, Scandinavia, France, and Spain. In some areas barrows marked the graves. The culture was warlike, with fortified settlements and bronze weapons, including the slashing sword. The uniformity of the culture and the persistence of certain pottery and metal forms apparently had great influence on Early Iron Age culture.
* * *▪ European culturea Late Bronze Age culture of Europe, so called because of the custom of placing the cremated (cremation) bones of the dead in urns. The Urnfield culture first appeared in east-central Europe and northern Italy; from the 12th century BC onward, however, the use of urn cemeteries (burial), or urnfields, gradually spread to Ukraine, Sicily, Scandinavia, and across France to the Iberian peninsula—a movement perhaps associated with folk migrations. In most areas the genuine Urnfield tradition of flat graves was continued; occasionally, however, the urns were covered by round barrows.Warlike behaviour among the culture's members appears to have been intense; settlements were normally fortified, and large supplies of beaten-bronze armaments have been found. The slashing sword, with flanged grips to protect the handle, was apparently adopted at this time. The uniformity of the Urnfield culture and the persistence of certain pottery and metal forms seemingly had great influence on the later culture of the Early Iron Age.
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Urnfield culture — The Urnfield culture (c. 1300 BC 750 BC) was a late Bronze Age culture of central Europe. The name comes from the custom of cremating the dead and placing their ashes in urns which were then buried in fields. The Urnfield culture followed the… … Wikipedia
Urnfield culture numerals — Numeral systems by culture Hindu Arabic numerals Western Arabic (Hindu numerals) Eastern Arabic Indian family Tamil Burmese Khmer Lao Mongolian Thai East Asian numerals Chinese Japanese Suzhou Korean Vietnamese … Wikipedia
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urnfield — ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ noun : a Bronze Age cemetery of urn burials * * * /errn feeld /, n. a Bronze Age cemetery in which the ashes of the dead were buried in urns. [1885 90; URN + FIELD] * * * urnˈfield noun A late Bronze Age cemetery containing cinerary… … Useful english dictionary
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