Uriburu, José Félix


Uriburu, José Félix
born July 20, 1868, Salta, Arg.
died April 29, 1932, Paris, Fr.

Argentine soldier and dictator.

Nephew of a former president, he was a firm believer in class privileges. A visit to Germany made him an ardent admirer of Prussian militarism. In 1930 he led a coup against Hipólito Irigoyen's liberal regime, replacing the governing class with an elite representing the landed oligarchy, dissolving the legislature, and revising the laws to prohibit liberal-radicals from political participation. In 1931 he arranged a fraudulent election to ensure the oligarchy's continued control and stepped down in favour of a fellow officer, Agustín Justo.

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▪ Argentine soldier and statesman
born July 20, 1868, Salta, Argentina
died April 29, 1932, Paris, France

      Argentine soldier who led the military coup that in September 1930 overthrew the liberal regime of President Hipólito Irigoyen (Irigoyen, Hipólito) and restored the old landed oligarchy to the political power it had lost after the revolution of 1916.

      Uriburu was a member of the Argentine landed aristocracy and a nephew of President José Evaristo Uriburu (Uriburu, José Evaristo). Educated at the military college of Argentina, he was an enthusiastic soldier and a firm believer in the rights and privileges of his class. In 1902 he went to Germany, where he served as a member of the kaiser's imperial guard, becoming an ardent admirer of Prussian militarism. In 1907 he became director of the Superior School for War, returning the following year to Germany. He was made a member of the Supreme Council of War and the Navy in 1919 and, in 1923, inspector general of the Argentine army. He retired from the army in 1929.

      In September 1930, during the Great Depression, Uriburu led an army revolt against President Irigoyen and became provisional president of Argentina. In December he denounced the liberal-radical Irigoyen's prolabour legislation and demanded that the traditional oligarchy replace the liberal-radical democratic order that had governed since 1916. Shortly after this speech, he removed all radical-democratic leaders from their national and provincial administrative posts, dissolved the Argentine national legislature (a measure without precedent), reformed the constitution and election law, and refused to allow the liberal-radicals to participate in politics. In 1931 he arranged for a fraudulent presidential election that was designed to ensure the oligarchy's continued control of Argentine politics and then stepped down in favour of a fellow officer, Agustín P. Justo (Justo, Agustín Pedro), who had greater support among army officers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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