Uaxactún


Uaxactún
Ancient Maya ruins, north-central Guatemala.

One of the oldest known centres of Maya civilization, it was occupied in the 1st millennium BC; by с 300 BC–с AD 100 a number of ceremonial buildings had been erected, including a temple reminiscent of the more ancient Olmec civilization. Major remains predate the Classic period (AD 100–900). In the 9th century it declined, as did other southern lowland Maya centres, and was abandoned in the 10th century.

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▪ archaeological site, Guatemala
  ruined ancient Mayan (Maya) city of the southern lowlands, located in what is now north-central Guatemala, about 12 miles (20 km) north of the ancient Mayan city of Tikal. Uaxactún was a ceremonial centre of only modest size, compared with Tikal, but it has been important in Mayan archaeology because intensive excavations made there by archaeologists of the Carnegie Institution of Washington established the first sequence of successive Mayan ceramic styles for the Formative through Classic periods, approximately 300 BC–AD 900; before radiocarbon dating became common, such sequences were the most reliable way to place archaeological sites and cultures in chronological order.

      Occupation of the Uaxactún site began in the Middle Formative Period (900–300 BC) of Mayan culture, and before the close of the Late Formative Period (300 BC–AD 100) a number of ceremonial buildings had been erected, including a temple with giant stucco masks reminiscent of the more ancient Olmec civilization. Uaxactún may have been important as an astrological site. As in Tikal, the major constructions date from the Classic Period (AD 100–900). In the 9th century, Uaxactún shared in the general decline of other southern lowland Mayan centres, and it was abandoned in the 10th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uaxactun — (pronounced|waʃakˈtun) is an ancient ruin of the Maya civilization, located in the Petén Basin region of the Maya lowlands, in the present day department of Petén, Guatemala. The site lies some 40 km (24.9 mi) north of the major center of Tikal.… …   Wikipedia

  • Uaxactún —   [u̯aʃak tun], Stadt der Mayakultur, 30 km nördlich von Tikal, Guatemala, besiedelt 500 v. Chr. 900 n. Chr. Ausgegraben wurden 6 Zeremonialgruppen (jeweils um einen Platz angeordnete Tempel und Paläste). Die älteste Pyramide (»E VII sub«), die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Uaxactún — Templo de las Máscaras o estructura E VII, el primer observatorio documentado en la civilización maya. Uaxactún, es un sitio maya, que se encuentra unos 25 km al norte de Tikal, en Petén, Guatemala. Su nombre en la antigüedad era Siaan Ka an, que …   Wikipedia Español

  • Uaxactun — Der „Tempel der Masken“ in Uaxactún Uaxactún ist eine Ruinenstätte der Maya im heutigen Guatemala. Die Stadt liegt etwa 23 Kilometer nördlich von Tikal. Der Name mit Bezug auf das Maya Zahlwort waxak wurde von Sylvanus Morley gegeben, weil er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Uaxactún — Der „Tempel der Masken“ in Uaxactún Uaxactún ist eine Ruinenstätte der Maya im heutigen Guatemala. Die Stadt liegt etwa 23 Kilometer nördlich von Tikal. Der Name mit Bezug auf das Maya Zahlwort waxak wurde von Sylvanus Morley gegeben, weil er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Uaxactun — 17°23′36.82″N 89°38′4.32″O / 17.3935611, 89.6345333 Uaxactun (prononciation « ouachaktoun » …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Uaxactún — ► Centro arqueológico maya, en el N de Guatemala, al NO de las ruinas mayas de Tikal. Posee el observatorio astronómico maya más antiguo. * * * Antiguas ruinas mayas situadas en el centro norte de Guatemala. Uno de los centros más antiguos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • UAX — Uaxactun, Guatemala internationale Flughafen Kennung …   Acronyms

  • UAX — Uaxactun, Guatemala internationale Fughafen Kennung …   Acronyms von A bis Z

  • Вашактун —     (Uaxactún), церемониальный, центр в Гватемале, здесь получена стратифицированная и датированная последовательность стилей керамики майя, начиная с посуды Мамом предклассического периода. Построек этого периода не обнаружено, но к следующему… …   Археологический словарь


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