Tōjō Hideki


Tōjō Hideki
born Dec. 30, 1884, Tokyo, Japan
died Dec. 23, 1948, Tokyo

Army general and prime minister of Japan (1941–44) during most of World War II. Under his direction, great victories were initially scored throughout Southeast Asia and the Pacific, but prolonged reverses in the Pacific and the successful U.S. invasion of the Mariana Islands resulted in his removal from office in 1944.

He attempted suicide after Japan's surrender but was nursed back to health to be tried and executed as a war criminal. See also war crime.

* * *

▪ prime minister of Japan
born December 30, 1884, Tokyo, Japan
died December 23, 1948, Tokyo
 soldier and statesman who was prime minister of Japan during most of World War II (1941–44) and who was subsequently tried and executed for war crimes.

      A graduate of the Imperial Military Academy and the Military Staff College, Tōjō served briefly as military attaché in Japan's embassy in Berlin after World War I. He was an esteemed administrator and skillful field commander and became noted as a stern disciplinarian. In 1928 he was made commander of the lst Infantry Regiment, which in 1936 participated in the mutiny of the Tokyo garrison. In 1937 he was named chief of staff of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria. He returned to Tokyo in 1938 as vice-minister of war and was one of the leading advocates of Japan's Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy (1940). In July 1940 he was appointed minister of war in the cabinet of Premier Prince Konoe Fumimaro. Tōjō succeeded Konoe as prime minister on October 16, 1941, and pledged his government to a Greater East Asia program, a “New Order in Asia.” He retained control of the ministry of war and was also minister of commerce and industry from 1943.

      A hardworking and efficient bureaucrat, Tōjō was also one of the most aggressive militarists in the Japanese leadership. He led his country's war efforts after the attack on the U.S. base at Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, and under his direction smashing victories were initially scored throughout Southeast Asia and the Pacific. After prolonged Japanese military reverses in the Pacific, Tōjō assumed virtual dictatorial powers, taking over the post of the chief of the General Staff. But the successful U.S. invasion of the Marianas so weakened his government that he was removed as chief of staff on July 16, 1944, and on July 18 his entire cabinet resigned.

      On September 11, 1945, after Japan's formal surrender, Tōjō shot himself in a suicide attempt, but he was nursed back to health and on April 29, 1946, with other Japanese wartime leaders, was indicted and tried for war crimes before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. He was found guilty and hanged.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tojo Hideki — Hideki Tōjō Tōjō Hideki (jap. 東條 英機; * 30. Dezember 1884 in Kōjimachi, Tokio (heute: Chiyoda); † 23. Dezember 1948 in Toshima) war ein General der japanischen Armee und der 40 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tojo Hideki — Hideki Tōjō Hideki Tōjō Hideki Tōjō (東條 英機, Tōjō Hideki? …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tōjō Hideki — (jap. 東條 英機; * 30. Dezember 1884 in Kōjimachi, Tokio (heute: Chiyoda); † 23. Dezember 1948 in Toshima) war ein General der japanischen Armee und der 40. Premie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TOJO HIDEKI — T 牢J 牢 HIDEKI (1884 1948) Général et homme d’État japonais. Né à T 拏ky 拏, T 拏j 拏 Hideki fit sa carrière militaire sans se faire remarquer, jusqu’en 1937, où il devint chef de l’état major de l’armée du Guangdong. Il prôna l’extension de la guerre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tojo Hideki — noun Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II; he was subsequently tried and executed as a war criminal (1884 1948) • Syn: ↑Tojo, ↑Tojo Eiki •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tojo, Hideki — ► (1884 1948) Militar y político japonés. Se distinguió por sus ideas anticapitalistas y antiparlamentarias. Fue viceministro de la Guerra en 1938 39 y ministro de la misma cartera en 1940 41 en el gobierno Konoye. Fue jefe del gobierno en 1941… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tojo Hideki — (30 dic. 1884, Tokio, Japón–23 dic. 1948, Tokio). Jefe del estado mayor del ejército y primer ministro de Japón (1941–44) durante gran parte de la segunda guerra mundial. Bajo su mando se obtuvieron inicialmente grandes victorias en el Sudeste… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tojo, Hideki —  (1884–1948) Japanese prime minister (1941–1944), executed as war criminal …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Hideki Tojo — Hideki Tōjō Tōjō Hideki (jap. 東條 英機; * 30. Dezember 1884 in Kōjimachi, Tokio (heute: Chiyoda); † 23. Dezember 1948 in Toshima) war ein General der japanischen Armee und der 40 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hideki Tōjō — Tōjō Hideki (jap. 東條 英機; * 30. Dezember 1884 in Kōjimachi, Tokio (heute: Chiyoda); † 23. Dezember 1948 in Toshima) war ein General der japanischen Armee und der 40 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.