- Tōdai Temple
Japanese Tōdai-jiMonumental temple of the Kegon sect of Japanese Buddhism, located in Nara, Japan.The main buildings were constructed in 745–752 under the emperor Shōmu, marking the adoption of Buddhism as a state religion. The Great Buddha Hall, built within a 2-sq-mi (5-sq-km) enclosure, measured about 288 by 169 ft (88 by 52 m) and, as restored today, is the largest wooden building in the world. The 53-ft (16-m) Great Sun Buddha was installed in 752. The Shōsōin is a repository for more than 9,000 works of art from the Nara period and more than 600 personal effects of Shōmu.
* * *Japanese Tōdai-ji(“Great Eastern Temple”), monumental Japanese temple and centre of the Kegon sect of Japanese Buddhism, located in Nara. The main buildings were constructed between AD 745 and 752 under the emperor Shōmu and marked the adoption of Buddhism as a state religion. The temple was the largest and most powerful monastery in Japan during the Nara period (710–784). The Daibutsu (Great Buddha) Hall was built in the centre of a vast enclosure of some 2 square miles (5 square km) with gates, pagodas, subsidiary buildings, and colonnades. It was an enormous wooden building measuring some 288 by 169 feet (88 by 52 m) in ground plan. It housed a colossal seated bronze statue, the Daibutsu (Great Buddha), of Birushana Butsu (Vairocana), originally some 53 feet (16 m) high. The original building was destroyed in 1180, and the present Daibutsu Hall dates from the early 18th century. The building was renovated between 1974 and 1980; with a length of 187 feet (57 m), a width of 165 feet (50 m), and a height of 155 feet (47 m), it is still the largest wooden building in the world. The bronze statue has also undergone extensive restorations, the last of which was completed in 1692.Among the three surviving structures of the Tōdai Temple is the Shōsō House, the main repository for the temple's most precious objects. The largest of the temple's repositories—and the sole extant example—it is a huge structure built on 40 pillars that are 8 feet (2.4 m) high. The main structure supported by them, 107 by 30 feet (33 by 9 m), is 46 feet (14 m) high and is covered with a hipped ridge roof of tiles; the front and two sides consist of timbers, triangular in cross section, laid horizontally one over another, giving a corrugated appearance. The Shōsō House treasure—the nucleus of which is a collection of more than 600 personal objects belonging to the emperor Shōmu—consists of about 9,020 works of fine and decorative art, which provide an eloquent picture of court life of the Nara period. The Shōsō House is not open to the public, but each autumn a selection of its treasures (all of which are now stored in fireproof concrete repositories) is put on display.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
temple — temple1 templed, adj. templelike, adj. /tem peuhl/, n. 1. an edifice or place dedicated to the service or worship of a deity or deities. 2. (usually cap.) any of the three successive houses of worship in Jerusalem in use by the Jews in Biblical… … Universalium
Temple — /tem peuhl/, n. 1. Shirley (Shirley Temple Black), born 1928, U.S. film actress, famous for child roles during the 1930s, and diplomat. 2. Sir William, 1628 99, English essayist and diplomat. 3. a city in central Texas. 42,483. * * * I Edifice… … Universalium
Tōdai-ji — Great Buddha Hall (daibutsuden) Information Denomination Kegon … Wikipedia
Todai-ji — Tōdai ji Bâtiment du Tōdai ji … Wikipédia en Français
Tôdai-ji — Tōdai ji Bâtiment du Tōdai ji … Wikipédia en Français
Tōdai-ji — Bâtiment du Tōdai ji Porte Nandaimon Le Tōdai ji … Wikipédia en Français
Provincial temple — Emperor Shōmu of Japan established provincial temples (国分寺: kokubunji for monks; 国分尼寺: kokubun niji for nuns) in each province of Japan. Tōdai ji, the provincial temple of Yamato Province, served as the head of all these kokubunji and Hokke ji… … Wikipedia
arts, East Asian — Introduction music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature. Some studies of East Asia… … Universalium
japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… … Universalium
Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… … Universalium