Tzotzil


Tzotzil
Mayan Indian group of central Chiapas state in southern Mexico.

They live at high elevations where the climate is cool and precipitation is heavy during the rainy season. They raise sheep, primarily for wool, which they weave into ponchos for men and shawls for women. They practice shifting cultivation and grow peaches and other crops for the market. Some make pottery, leather, and fibre products or practice carpentry or stonework. Christian and native beliefs are intertwined in all Tzotzil areas.

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people
      Mayan (Maya) Indians of central Chiapas in southeastern Mexico. Linguistically and culturally the Tzotzil are most closely related to the neighbouring Tzeltal (q.v.). The habitat of the Tzotzil is highland, with mountains, volcanic outcroppings, and valley lowlands. The climate at high altitudes is cool to cold, and summers are very wet. The native Tzotzil live mainly in the higher reaches. They are agricultural, growing chiefly corn (maize), beans, and squash. Fields are burned to clear them and planted and cultivated with the hoe and digging stick. Vegetables and cash crops such as peaches are also raised. Sheep are kept, primarily for their wool, and there are occasional chickens, turkeys, and pigs. There is also some hunting and fishing. Pottery is made in some areas, and weaving is universal. Baskets, nets, hammocks, hats, and rope are made of fibre products as well. Carpentry, stonework, and leatherwork are skills of the Bohom (Chamula) region.

      Houses are built of a variety of materials, including wattle and daub, poles, and lumber. Thatched roofs are usual. Households are generally congregated loosely around a central village. Clothing styles vary a good deal from community to community, but basically they consist of shirt, short pants, neckerchief, hat, and, for warmth, a wool poncho for men; women wear a blouse or huipil (long overblouse or tunic), long skirt, sash, and shawl. Colours, styles, materials and decorative elements of clothing vary considerably.

      Ritual kinship (compadrazgo) is frequent, the extent of the institution depending on the extent of observance of Roman Catholic sacraments, because such sacraments are considered the proper occasion for establishment of ritual ties. In some communities organized Catholicism is weak, but Christian mythology is intertwined with native beliefs in all areas.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Tzotzil — puede hacer referencia a: El idioma tzotzil, hablada principalmente en el estado mexicano de Chiapas, y de La etnia tzotzil, que también vive en Chiapas. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tzotzil — The Tzotzil Maya of the central highlands of the Mexican state of Chiapas are an indigenous group, the direct descendants of the Classic Maya civilization. The Tzotzil language, like Tzeltal and Ch ol, is descended from the proto Ch ol spoken in… …   Wikipedia

  • Tzotzil — Prozession in San Juan Chamula, dem kulturellen Zentrum der Tzotzil Die Tzotzil Maya sind ein indigenes Volk im mexikanischen Bundesstaat Chiapas, im Übergangsbereich von Nord nach Mittelamerika. Die Tzotzil Sprache, gesprochen von rund 350.000… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tzotzil — Tzotzịl,   Volk der Maya im zentralen Chiapas, Südmexiko, vom Río Grijalva im Süden bis nahe an die Grenze zu Tabasco. Die etwa 230 200 Tzotzil gliedern sich in fünf Gruppen (Chamula u. a.); sie betreiben v. a. Feldbau mit Viehhaltung (Männer)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tzotzil — noun a Mayan language of Chiapas, Mexico …   Wiktionary

  • tzotzil — o chamula Grupo indígena maya de la zona central del estado de Chiapas, en el sur de México. Viven a gran altitud donde el clima es frío y las precipitaciones son abundantes durante la temporada de lluvias. Crían ovejas, principalmente por su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • tzotzil — tzo·tzil …   English syllables

  • tzotzil, e —  adj. D un peuple amérindien du Mexique …   Le dictionnaire des mots absents des autres dictionnaires

  • tzotzil — …   Useful english dictionary


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