Tugela River


Tugela River
Principal river, KwaZulu/Natal province, South Africa.

It rises in the Mont-aux-Sources plateau and hurtles 3,110 ft (948 m) down a series of waterfalls to cut through Tugela Gorge. It ends its 312-mi (502-km) course at the Indian Ocean. It was the scene of battles in the South African War in 1899–1900. Historically, the Tugela marked the southern boundary of Zululand.

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      principal river of KwaZulu/Natal province, South Africa. It rises as a stream on the 10,000-foot- (3,050-metre-) high Mont-aux-Sources plateau near the merger point of the Lesotho–Free State province borders. Its upper course, which lies within Royal Natal National Park, flows through the Drakensberg range before hurtling down in a series of waterfalls having a total drop of 3,110 feet (948 m). The river then cuts through Tugela Gorge at the foot of the escarpment (about 5,000 feet [1,500 m] above sea level), is quickly joined by many tributaries, passes through the Ladysmith Basin, and, below Colenso, becomes narrow and deep. At Jameson's Drift it enters the wide, open Tugela Trough, at the eastern end of which it cuts deeply through a great block of sandstone to issue onto the coastal plain.

      The Tugela ends its course of 312 miles (502 km) at the Indian Ocean, about 52 miles (84 km) north of Durban, its mouth almost completely blocked in times of normal flow by a sandbar. The river is navigable only in the lagoon formed behind the sandbar. Its narrow valley and scanty alluvial deposits restrict irrigation. The Spioenkop Dam (1973), west of Colenso and southwest of Ladysmith, regulates flow. Upstream, water from the Tugela headwaters is diverted across the Drakensberg into the more highly developed Vaal basin.

      Historically, the Tugela (in Zulu, Thukela, meaning “something that startles”) marked the southern boundary of Zululand. The total drainage basin of more than 11,000 square miles (more than 28,000 square km) includes most of western KwaZulu/Natal. The major tributary is the Buffalo.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tugela River — Geobox |River name = Tugela other name = Thukela country = South Africa region = KwaZulu Natal region type = Province city = Bergville city1 = Colenso city type = Towns landmark = Tugela Falls landmark1 = Rorke s Drift landmark2 = Fort Tenedos… …   Wikipedia

  • Tugela Falls — is the world s second highest waterfall. [ [http://www.world waterfalls.com/waterfall.php?num=2 Tugela Falls] , World Waterfall Database, retrieved May 2, 2007] The total drop in five free leaping falls is 3,110 feet (947 meters). They are… …   Wikipedia

  • Tugela Ferry — is a town on the northern bank of the Tugela River, in central KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. During the apartheid era it formed part of the KwaZulu homeland …   Wikipedia

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Tugela — 29° 13′ 31″ S 31° 29′ 54″ E / 29.2253, 31.4984 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tugela — geographical name river 312 miles (502 kilometers) E Republic of South Africa in central KwaZulu Natal flowing E to Indian Ocean; near its source on Mont Aux Sources are the Tugela Falls (3110 feet or 948 meters) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tugela — /tuˈgeɪlə/ (say tooh gayluh) noun a river in the Republic of South Africa, in KwaZulu Natal, flowing east to the Indian Ocean. About 483 km …   Australian English dictionary

  • Rivière Tugela — Tugela Tugela River Caractéristiques Longueur 520 km …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille des hauteurs de la Tugela — Libération de Ladysmith Libération de Ladysmith Les troupes britanniques passant la rivière Tugela Informations générales Date 14 au 28 février 1899 …   Wikipédia en Français

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