Tsushima, Battle of


Tsushima, Battle of
(May 27–29, 1905) Naval engagement in the Russo-Japanese War.

As part of an assault on the Japanese navy, the Russian Baltic fleet was sent to join the Russian Pacific squadron at the besieged Port Arthur (Lüshun, China). Learning en route of the surrender of Port Arthur, the Russian admiral considered returning to Russia but sailed on to reach the China Sea seven months later. As the Russian fleet sailed for Vladivostok through the Tsushima Strait off southern Japan, the Japanese navy attacked. Its better-armed and speedier ships succeeded in sinking two-thirds of the Russian fleet. The decisive defeat crushed Russia's hope of regaining mastery of the sea and ended the war.

* * *

 (May 27–29, 1905), naval engagement of the Russo-Japanese War, the final, crushing defeat of the Russian navy in that conflict.

      The Japanese had been unable to secure the complete command of the sea because the Russian naval squadrons at Port Arthur and Vladivostok made sorties and both sides suffered losses in the ensuing engagements. Meanwhile, the Russian government decided to send the Baltic Fleet all the way to the Far East under the command of Admiral Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky to link up with the Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur, upon which the combined fleets would overwhelm the Japanese navy. The Russian Baltic Fleet, having spent the whole summer fitting out, sailed from Liepaja on Oct. 15, 1904. Off the Dogger Bank (in the North Sea) on October 21, several Russian ships opened fire on British trawlers in the mistaken belief that they were Japanese torpedo boats, and this incident aroused such anger in England that war was only avoided by the immediate apology and promise of full compensation made by the Russian government. At Nossi-Bé, near Madagascar, Rozhestvensky learned of the surrender of Port Arthur to Japanese forces and proposed returning to Russia; but, expecting naval reinforcements, which had been sent from the Baltic via Suez early in March 1905 and which later joined him at Camranh Bay (Vietnam), he decided to proceed. His full fleet amounted to a formidable armada, but many of the ships were old and unserviceable and their crews were poorly trained. Early in May the fleet reached the China Sea, and Rozhestvensky made for Vladivostok via the Tsushima Strait. Admiral Togō Heihachirō's (Tōgō Heihachirō) fleet lay in wait for him on the south Korean coast near Pusan, and on May 27, as the Russian Fleet approached, he attacked. The Japanese ships were superior in speed and armament, and, in the course of the two-day battle, two-thirds of the Russian Fleet was sunk, six ships were captured, four reached Vladivostok, and six took refuge in neutral ports. It was a dramatic and decisive defeat; after a voyage lasting seven months and when within a few hundred miles of its destination, the Baltic Fleet was shattered, and, with it, Russia's hope of regaining mastery of the sea was crushed.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tsushima, Battle of — (1905)    Fought May 27, Tsushima was the decisive naval battle of the Russo Japanese War, a Japanese victory as spectacular as Horatio Nelson ’s at Trafalgar 100 years earlier. With the destruction of the Russian Pacific Fleet in the Battle of… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Tsushima — /tsooh shee mah /, n. two adjacent Japanese islands between Korea and Kyushu: Russian fleet defeated by Japanese fleet 1905. 58,672; 271 sq. mi. (702 sq. km). * * * ▪ archipelago, Japan       archipelago, northwestern Nagasaki ken (prefecture),… …   Universalium

  • battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Tsushima — Part of the Russo Japanese War …   Wikipedia

  • Tsushima Island — Tsushima Native name: 対馬 …   Wikipedia

  • Tsushima — may refer to:* Tsushima, Nagasaki, a city in Nagasaki Prefecture (coterminous with Tsushima Island) * Tsushima Basin, also known as Ulleung Basin, located at the juncture of the Sea of Japan and the Korea Strait * Tsushima Island, part of… …   Wikipedia

  • Tsushima, Nagasaki — Tsushima 対馬市   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Tsushima Province — (対馬国; Tsushima no kuni ) was an old province of Japan ( 19c) on Tsushima Island which occupied the area corresponding to modern day Tsushima, Nagasaki. It was sometimes called Taishū (対州). Political History The origin of Tsushima Province is… …   Wikipedia

  • Tsushima Strait — nihongo|Tsushima Strait|対馬海峡|tsushima kaikyō, also known as the Tsu Shima Strait or Tsu Shima Strait ) is the eastern channel of the Korea Strait, which lies between Korea and Japan, connecting the Sea of Japan and the East China Sea.The Tsushima …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Kōan — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Kōan partof=the Mongol invasions of Japan caption=Japanese attack ships. Moko Shurai Ekotoba (蒙古襲来絵詞), circa 1293. date=August 15, 1281 place=Hakata Bay, near present day Fukuoka, Kyūshū… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.