- Trenton and Princeton, Battles of
(1776–77) Engagements won by the Continental Army in the American Revolution.Defeats in New York forced the army under George Washington to retreat through New Jersey into Pennsylvania. On Dec. 25, 1776, Washington led a force of 6,000 troops across the ice-filled Delaware River to surprise the 1,400-man British-Hessian force at Trenton, N.J., and captured 900 troops. A British force of 7,000 troops under Charles Cornwallis arrived to force the American army into retreat. At night Washington led his men around the British to defeat an outpost at Princeton, causing Cornwallis to retreat to New Brunswick and enabling Washington to lead his troops into winter quarters near Morristown. The victories restored American morale and renewed confidence in Washington.
* * *▪ United States War of Independence(1776–77), in the American Revolution, battles notable as the first successes won by the Revolutionary general George Washington (Washington, George) in the open field. After the capture of Fort Washington on Manhattan Island in November 1776, the British general Sir William Howe (Howe, William Howe, 5th Viscount) forced the Americans to retreat through New Jersey and across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. Howe then went into winter quarters, leaving the Hessian colonel Johann Rall at Trenton with about 1,400 men.Although Washington's Continental Army was discouraged by the year's disasters, its morale was not crushed, and it now numbered 6,000 effectives. Ascertaining that the Hessians were virtually unsupported, Washington determined to attempt their capture. Despite the ice floes in the Delaware, Washington crossed the river on December 25 and surprised the enemy, the next day capturing more than 900 men. Four days later he occupied Trenton. Hearing of Washington's move, Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye) confronted the Continentals east of the city with about 7,000 troops on January 2, 1777, driving them back. Unable to find boats for an escape, Washington called a council of war that confirmed his bold plan to break camp quietly that night and take a byroad to Princeton. The maneuver succeeded, and three British regiments that met him there on January 3 were all driven back or retreated. As a result, Washington continued his march to Morristown, New Jersey, where he flanked British communications with New York. Cornwallis retired to New Brunswick. Besides succeeding in breaking through Howe's lines, Washington had placed himself in an advantageous position for recruiting his army and maintaining a strong defensive in the next campaign.The effect of these early American victories in the battles of Trenton and Princeton was marked. Following close upon a series of defeats, they put new life into the American cause and renewed confidence in Washington as commander of the Revolutionary Army.
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Battles of Trenton and Princeton — The battles of Trenton and Princeton were two related engagements of the American Revolutionary War. * Battle of Trenton, 1776 12 26. * Battle of Princeton, 1777 01 03 … Wikipedia
Trenton — Trentonian /tren toh nee euhn/, n. /tren tn/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of New Jersey, in the W part, on the Delaware River: Washington defeated Hessian troops here 1776. 92,124. 2. a city in SE Michigan, S of Detroit. 22,762. 3. a town in… … Universalium
Princeton — /prins teuhn/, n. a borough in central New Jersey: battle 1777. 12,035. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States borough (town) and township, Mercer county, western New Jersey, U.S. It lies along the Millstone River, 11 miles (18 km) northeast of… … Universalium
battles — See also Agincourt, Arnhem, Balaclava, Bannockburn, Blenheim, Bosworth Field, Bull Run, Bunker Hill, Chancellorsville, Concord, Copenhagen, Crécy, Culloden … Universalium
Battle of Trenton — The Battle of Trenton took place on December 26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War after General George Washington s crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton, New Jersey. The hazardous crossing in adverse weather allowed… … Wikipedia
New York and New Jersey campaign — Part of the American Revolutionary War … Wikipedia
Schlacht bei Trenton — Amerik. Unabhängigkeitskrieg / Nördlicher Feldzug Gefechte von Lexington und Concord, Belagerung von Boston, Schlacht von Bunker Hill, Schlacht von Long Island, Landung bei Kips Bay, Schlacht von Harlem Heights, Schlacht von Pell’s Point … Deutsch Wikipedia
Battle of Princeton — The Battle of Princeton (January 3, 1777) was a victory for General Washington s revolutionary forces over British forces near Princeton, New Jersey. The site is administered as a state park operated and maintained by the New Jersey Division of… … Wikipedia
Schlacht von Trenton — Amerikanischer Unabhängigkeitskrieg Nördlicher Feldzug Lexington und Concord, Boston, Bunker Hill, Long Island, Kips Bay, Harlem Heights, Pell’s Point, White Plains, Fort Washington, Trenton I, Trenton II, Princeton … Deutsch Wikipedia
Batalla de Princeton — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Princeton Parte de la Guerra de la Independencia de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español