Trentino–Alto Adige


Trentino–Alto Adige

Autonomous region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 937,107), northeastern Italy.

Its capital is Trento. A mountainous area covering 5,258 sq mi (13,618 sq km), Trentino–Alto Adige has some of the highest peaks in Europe, cut through by passes into Switzerland and Austria. Historically it included the medieval ecclesiastical principalities of Trento and Bressanone. Austria annexed it in 1815. It was the scene of much fighting during World War I, and it was ceded to Italy at the end of the war. The population is a mix of German speakers in the north and Italian speakers in the south; the regional parliament alternates German-speaking and Italian-speaking chairmen. The region grows grain and grapes, raises cattle, and mines zinc, lead, and other minerals. Tourism is a major industry.

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      autonomous frontier regione, northern Italy, comprising the provincie of Bolzano-Bozen (north) and Trento (south). Historically, the region includes the area of the medieval ecclesiastical principalities of Trento (Trent) and Bressanone (Brixen), which were later contested between the counts of Tirol and Venice. Passing to Italy after World War I, the area was known as Venetia Tridentina until 1947 and was established as an autonomous region by the constitution of 1948. The population of Bolzano is largely German-speaking; that of Trento, Italian-speaking. Members of the provincial parliaments also sit in the regional parliament, which meets for two years alternately in each provincial capital and with alternate Italian-speaking and German-speaking chairmen.

      Most of the region is mountainous terrain above 3,000 feet (900 m), including the Ötztal, Brenner, Zillertal (Aurine), and Pusteria Alps to the north, the Ortles and Adamello groups in the west, the Dolomites in the east, and the high plateaus of the interior. Some peaks of the border Alps are among the highest in Europe, notably Palla Bianca (Weisskugel; 12,264 feet [3,738 m]) in the Ötztal Alps. Passes breaching these Alps are the Stelvio into Switzerland, the Resia and the Brenner into Austrian Tirol, and the Dobbiaco or Pusteria Valley (Pustertal) into Austrian Kärnten (Carinthia). The chief rivers draining the mountain masses are the upper Adige (Etsch), the Isarco (Eisack), the Noce, and the Avisio. All are tributaries of the Adige River, which flows south down the principal valley through Bolzano and Trento cities to Verona in the Lombardy Plain. A large part of Bolzano-Bozen province consists of a roughly rectangular area between the Adige, Passiria, and Isarco valleys; much of it is a plateau averaging from 4,300 to 5,600 feet (1,300 to 1,700 m). The valleys of the larger rivers are well populated and fertile, especially in the south. In 1966 great storms brought landslides and floods with loss of life, disruption of communications, and damage to property.

      Much of the region is forested, and a timber industry has been developed; but the valleys are quite densely populated and intensively cultivated. Vines and fruit trees are grown extensively on the hillsides. Corn (maize), wheat, oats, and barley are grown in the south, while rye is more common north of Bolzano city. Cattle raising and dairy farming are found on the lower hills and slopes in the valleys. Deposits of zinc, lead, copper, and iron, along with hydroelectric power stations on the Adige and Noce rivers, have encouraged the development of mining and manufacturing in the regione. Tourism in both summer and winter is also of prime importance. From the Lombardy Plain several roads converge on Trento. Road and railway then follow the main Adige River valley to Bolzano city and from there connect with Switzerland, the Brenner Pass, and Carinthia. Area 5,258 square miles (13,618 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 985,128.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — Trentino Südtirol Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — [tren tē′nō äl′tō ä′dē jā΄] region of N Italy: the N part ( Alto Adige) is in the S Tirol: 5,254 sq mi (13,608 sq km); pop. 890,000; cap. Trent …   English World dictionary

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — Trentin Haut Adige Trentin Haut Adige …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — Sp Trentinas Álto Ãdidžė Ap Trentino Alto Adige Sp Venècija Tridentinà Ap Venezia Tridentina L Italijos adm. sritis …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Trentino Alto Adige Country and Admin Code IT.17 IT …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — итал. Трентино Альто Адидже (винодельческая область, расположенная на Северо Востоке Италии, объединяет две провинции и зоны контролируемого наименования Альто Адидже на севере и Трентино на юге) See: Alto Adige, Trentino, DOC …   Англо-русский толковый словарь "Вино"

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — /trɛnˈtinoʊ ˈaltoʊ ˈadidʒeɪ/ (say tren teenoh ahltoh ahdeejay) noun a region in north eastern Italy. 13 613 km2 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — geographical name region N Italy capital Trento area 5526 square miles (13,613 square kilometers), population 886,679 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Trentino-Alto-Adige — Tren·ti·no Al·to A·di·ge (trĕn tēʹnō älʹtō äʹdē jĕ ) A region of northeast Italy bordering on Switzerland and Austria. Annexed by Austria in 1814, it was ceded to Italy in sections between 1866 and 1919. * * * …   Universalium

  • Trentino-Alto Adige — /trdden tee naw ahl taw ah dee je/ a region in NE Italy. 870,238; 5256 sq. mi. (13.615 sq. km). * * * …   Universalium


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