- Toungoo dynasty
Ruling house in Myanmar (Burma) from the 15th or 16th century to the 18th century.The founder of the empire is considered to be either King Minkyinyo (r. 1486–1531) or his son Tabinshwehti (r. 1531–50), who expanded the empire and welded it together. Tabinshwehti's brother-in-law Bayinnaung (r. 1551–81) extended the dynasty's reach to include much of Laos and Siam (Thailand). No ruler ever managed to conquer Arakan (in southern Myanmar), though Tabinshwehti, Bayinnaung, and others tried. The empire slowly disintegrated after Bayinnaung's death, but the dynasty continued until 1752.
* * *▪ Myanmar historyalso spelled Taunguruling house in Myanmar (Burma) from the 15th or 16th to the 18th century, whose reign is known as the Second Burmese Empire. King Minkyinyo (1486–1531) of Toungoo is usually considered the founder of the dynasty, but many authorities believe that the distinction of founder should be reserved for his son Tabinshwehti (1531–50), who more surely welded the empire together. Thus the dating of the dynasty may be considered either 1486–1752 or 1531–1752.Tabinshwehti first conquered the Mohnyin Shan peoples in northern Myanmar and thus eliminated one element of the fragmentation that had existed in Myanmar since the demise of the Pagan dynasty (1287). Consolidating his power in Toungoo, far up the Sittang River, Tabinshwehti pushed southward, overrunning the Irrawaddy delta region and crushing the Mon capital of Pegu (Bago). After defeating a Shan-led counterattack at Pyè (Prome) in 1544, Tabinshwehti was crowned as king of all Myanmar at the ancient capital of Pagan (Nyaung-U). He then began assembling an army for an attack on coastal Arakan to the west; although the Myanmar forces were defeated at Arakan, Tabinshwehti led his retreating army eastward to Ayutthaya to subdue rebellious Thai forces there. Again he was defeated. A period of unrest and rebellions among other conquered peoples followed, and Tabinshwehti was assassinated in 1551.Bayinnaung (reigned 1551–81), Tabinshwehti's brother-in-law, ascended the throne. An energetic leader and effective military commander, he made Toungoo Myanmar the most powerful state in Southeast Asia. After repeated campaigns, his conquests extended from Tavoy (Dawei) in the south to Shwebo in the north and from Ava eastward to Chieng Mai. Myanmar suzerainty even encompassed much of Laos and extended down the Mae Nam Chao Phraya valley to Ayutthaya, near Bangkok. Siam remained under Myanmar domination for 15 years.Bayinnaung was poised to deliver a final, decisive assault on the kingdom of Arakan when he died in 1581. His successors were forced to quell rebellions in other parts of the kingdom, and the victory over Arakan was never achieved. Instead, the Myanmar empire gradually disintegrated. The Toungoo dynasty, however, survived for another century and a half, until the death of Mahadammayaza (reigned 1733–52), but never again ruled all of Myanmar.
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Toungoo dynasty — The Toungoo dynasty (1486 1752) was one of the most powerful post Bagan Burmese kingdoms, over which seven kings reigned for a period of 155 years.King Mingyinyo (Minkyinyo, 1486 1531) founded the First Toungoo Dynasty (1486 1599) at Taungoo… … Wikipedia
Toungoo (Taungoo) Dynasty — (1486 1752) Sometimes called the Second Burmese (Myanmar) Empire because, like the Pagan (Bagan) and Konbaung Dynasties, it unified the country. Historians generally divide it into two periods. The first, spanning the reigns of Minkyinyo (r … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… … Wikipedia
dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
Toungoo — ▪ Myanmar town, south central Myanmar (Burma). Located on the right bank of the Sittang River, it was founded as Ketumadi in 1510 by King Minkyinyo and was capital of the Toungoo Dynasty until 1540, when the seat of government was moved to… … Universalium
Toungoo — (Taungoo) A town near the Sittang (Sittoung) River in northern Pegu (Bago) Division, the site of a powerful Burman (Bamar) kingdom in the 14th to 15th centuries whose rulers established the Toungoo Dynasty. It is located on major north… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Min Sithu of Toungoo — Min Sithu မင်းစည်သူ Viceroy of Toungoo Reign c. October 1481 – January 1486 (4+ years) Predecessor Sithu Kyawhtin of Toungoo Successor Mingyinyo … Wikipedia
Alaungpaya dynasty — or Konbaung dynasty (1752–1885) Last ruling dynasty of Myanmar. In the face of the fragmentation of the Toungoo dynasty, Alaungpaya (1714–60), headman in a village near Mandalay, raised an army and subdued the separatist Mon people in southern… … Universalium
Konbaung dynasty — The Konbaung Dynasty (1752 1885), sometimes called the Alaungpaya Dynasty or the House of Alompra by the British colonial rulers) was the last in the history of the Burmese monarchy. Alaungpaya, a village chief who led a successful rebellion… … Wikipedia
Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty — (1044 ca. 1325) Pagan (Bagan) was a small Burman city state established on the banks of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River in what is now Mandalay Division in the ninth century CE. After King Anawrahta (r. 1044 1077) became its ruler, he… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)