Toland, Gregg


Toland, Gregg
born May 29, 1904, Charleston, Ill., U.S.
died Sept. 28, 1948, Hollywood, Calif.

U.S. cinematographer.

He got his start in the film industry at the age of 15, working as an office boy at the Fox studio, and he soon became a cameraman, working for Samuel Goldwyn and others in the 1930s and '40s. As director of photography for Dead End (1937), Wuthering Heights (1939, Academy Award), The Grapes of Wrath (1940), Citizen Kane (1941), and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), he was noted for his brilliant use of chiaroscuro and his deep-focus camera work. He codirected the war documentary December 7th (1943, Academy Award) with John Ford.

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▪ American cinematographer
born May 29, 1904, Charleston, Ill., U.S.
died Sept. 28, 1948, Hollywood, Calif.

      American motion-picture cinematographer (motion picture) known for his brilliant use of chiaroscuro and deep-focus camera work.

      Toland got his start in the film industry at the age of 15, working as an office boy at the Fox studio. He became an assistant cameraman a year later. In the 1930s he went to work for Samuel Goldwyn and other producers, for whom he displayed his talents as director of photography in such films as Dead End (1937), The Grapes of Wrath (1940), Citizen Kane (1941), The Little Foxes (1941), The Outlaw (1943), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Enchantment (1949).

      In the early days of talkies, Toland developed a soundproof blimp used to enclose a camera and prevent the camera's noise from being picked up by the microphone. He won Academy Awards for his work on Wuthering Heights (1939) and for December 7th (1943), a film he photographed and codirected with John Ford while they were both serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Toland, Gregg — (29 may. 1904, Charleston, Ill., EE.UU.–28 sep. 1948, Hollywood, Cal.). Director de fotografía estadounidense. A la edad de 15 años comenzó su carrera en la industria del cine como mensajero de oficina en el estudio Fox, y pronto se convirtió en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Gregg Toland — (* 29. Mai 1904 in Charleston, Illinois; † 28. September 1948 in Santa Monica, Kalifornien) war ein einflussreicher US amerikanischer Kameramann, der insbesondere für seine Arbeit an Citizen Kane von Orson Welles bekannt wurde. Leben Toland… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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