- Theodore of Canterbury, Saint
died Sept. 19, 690, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.; feast day September 19Seventh archbishop of Canterbury (668–690).He was sent from Rome to Canterbury, where he helped establish a famous school at the monastery later known as St. Augustine's. Theodore organized and centralized the English church, calling its first general synod (672) to end Celtic practices, affirm church doctrine, and divide dioceses. He deposed Wilfrid as bishop of York in 677 but restored him in 686; he also made peace between King Aethelred of Mercia and King Ecgfrith of Northumbia.
* * *born c. 602, , Tarsus, Cilicia, Asia Minordied Sept. 19, 690, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.; feast day September 19seventh archbishop of Canterbury and the first archbishop to rule the whole English Church.Appointed by Pope St. Vitalian, Theodore was consecrated in 668 and then set out from Rome with SS. Adrian, abbot of Nerida, Italy, and Benedict Biscop, later abbot of Wearmouth and Jarrow, Durham. In 669 they reached Canterbury, where Theodore made Adrian the abbot of SS. Peter and Paul monastery, afterward named St. Augustine's. There they created a famous school influential in the lives of such brilliant scholars as the celebrated historian St. Bede the Venerable and the skilled church architect St. Aldhelm.Theodore organized the English Church, many sees of which were vacant on his arrival and others of which needed to be divided. In 672 he called at Hertford the first general synod of the English Church to end certain Celtic practices and to divide dioceses. The division issue was postponed, but the synod imposed the date of the Roman Easter, established obedience for clerics and monks, forbade bishops to interfere in other dioceses, and reaffirmed the church teaching on marriage and divorce.During this period Theodore came into sharp conflict with Wilfrid (Wilfrid, Saint), whom he had made bishop of York but whom he soon deposed. Wilfrid went to Rome in 677/678 to protest. Meanwhile, in 678, Theodore helped settle relations between King Aethelred of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia and King Ecgfrith of Northumbria, whom Aethelred had defeated in battle. Theodore's synod at Hatfield in 679 cleared the English Church from associations with the heresy of the Monothelites (q.v.). In 686 he mended the conflict with Wilfrid by admitting his error and effecting Wilfrid's restoration. Theodore's Penitential, a collection of his rulings made by his disciples, became influential in England and on the Continent.Theodore's greatest achievement was to adapt the Roman ideal of a centralized church to English conditions. His establishment of a centralized church under the archbishopric of Canterbury in close alliance with secular rulers was maintained by his successors. No biography of Theodore has survived.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Théodore de Canterbury — Théodore de Cantorbéry Théodore de Tarse (né en 602, décédé le 19 septembre 690) fut le septième archevêque de Cantorbéry. L Église catholique le célèbre le 19 septembre. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Notes et références 3 … Wikipédia en Français
canterbury — /kan teuhr ber ee, beuh ree/, n., pl. canterburies. 1. a stand having sections for holding magazines, sheet music, or loose papers. 2. a supper tray with partitions for cutlery and plates. [1840 50; after CANTERBURY, England] * * * I Historic… … Universalium
Canterbury — Canterburian /kan teuhr byoor ee euhn/, adj. /kan teuhr ber ee, beuh ree/ or, esp. Brit., / bree/, n. 1. a city in E Kent, in SE England: cathedral; early ecclesiastical center of England. 115,600. 2. a municipality in E New South Wales, in SE… … Universalium
Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… … Universalium
saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… … Universalium
Theodore — /thee euh dawr , dohr /, n. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning gift of God. * * * (as used in expressions) Agnew Spiro Theodore Avery Oswald Theodore Delacour Jean Theodore Delius Frederick Theodore Albert Dreiser Theodore Herman Albert … Universalium
Saint Margaret of Scotland — Saint Margaret Image of Saint Margaret in a window at St Margaret s Chapel, Edinburgh Queen of Scots Born c. 1045 Kingdom of Hungary … Wikipedia
Saint John of Beverley — St. John of Beverley † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. John of Beverley Bishop of Hexham and afterwards of York; b. at Harpham, in the East Riding of Yorkshire; d. at Beverley, 7 May, 721. In early life lie was under the care of… … Catholic encyclopedia
Canterbury — For the larger local government district, see City of Canterbury. For other uses, see Canterbury (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°16′30″N 1°05′13″E / 51.275°N 1.0 … Wikipedia
Saint Patrick — For other uses, see Saint Patrick (disambiguation). Saint Patrick Honored in Roman Catholic Church Eastern Orthodoxy Anglican Communion Lutheran Church Major … Wikipedia