- Tennis Court Oath
Believing that their newly formed National Assembly was to be disbanded, the deputies met at a nearby tennis court when they were locked out of their usual meeting hall at Versailles. They vowed never to separate until a written constitution was established for France. Their solidarity forced Louis XVI to order the clergy and the nobility to join with the Third Estate in the National Assembly.
* * *▪ French historyFrench Serment du Jeu de Paume(June 20, 1789), dramatic act of defiance by representatives of the nonprivileged classes of the French nation (the Third Estate) during the meeting of the Estates-General (traditional assembly) at the beginning of the French Revolution. The deputies of the Third Estate, realizing that in any attempt at reform they would be outvoted by the two privileged orders, the clergy and the nobility, had formed, on June 17, a National Assembly. Finding themselves locked out of their usual meeting hall at Versailles on June 20 and thinking that the king was forcing them to disband, they moved to a nearby indoor tennis court (salle du jeu de paume). There they took an oath never to separate until a written constitution had been established for France. In the face of the solidarity of the Third Estate, King Louis XVI relented and on June 27 ordered the clergy and the nobility to join with the Third Estate in the National Assembly.
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Tennis Court Oath — Sketch by Jacques Louis David of the Tennis Court Oath. David later became a deputy in the National Convention in 1792 The Tennis Court Oath (French: serment du jeu de paume) was a pivotal event during the first days of the French Revolution. The … Wikipedia
Tennis Court, Oath of the — The Oath of the Tennis Court (Serment du jeu de paume) marks the beginning of the revolution of 1789. After the threats of King louis XVI (influenced by the court) to stop the deliberations of the Third Estate and to close the hall (Menus… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Tennis court — This article is about the sports venue. For the Revolutionary impetus, see Tennis Court Oath. Indoor tennis courts at the University of Bath, England … Wikipedia
Oath — This article is about promise or a statement of fact. For the village in Somerset, England, see Oath, Somerset. For acronyms, see OATH. Tennis Court Oath by Jacques Louis David … Wikipedia
tennis — /ten is/, n. a game played on a rectangular court by two players or two pairs of players equipped with rackets, in which a ball is driven back and forth over a low net that divides the court in half. Cf. lawn tennis. See illus. under racket2.… … Universalium
oath — /ohth/, n., pl. oaths /ohdhz, ohths/. 1. a solemn appeal to a deity, or to some revered person or thing, to witness one s determination to speak the truth, to keep a promise, etc.: to testify upon oath. 2. a statement or promise strengthened by… … Universalium
court — /kawrt, kohrt/, n. 1. Law. a. a place where justice is administered. b. a judicial tribunal duly constituted for the hearing and determination of cases. c. a session of a judicial assembly. 2. an area open to the sky and mostly or entirely… … Universalium
Court — /kawrt, kohrt/, n. Margaret Smith, born 1942, Australian tennis player. * * * I In architecture, an outdoor room surrounded by buildings or walls. Courts have existed in all civilizations from the earliest recorded times. The small garden court… … Universalium
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