Tao Hongjing


Tao Hongjing
or T'ao Hung-ching

born 451, Mo-ling, China
died 536, Hua-yang

Chinese poet, calligrapher, physician, and naturalist.

He became a tutor to the imperial court while still a youth. In 492 he retired to a mountain retreat at Mao Shan to devote himself to the study of Daoism. His research in proper eating and living practices led him to write one of the major pharmacological works of China. He also edited and annotated the religious writings of his major Daoist predecessors, producing Declarations of the Perfected and Secret Instructions for Ascent to Perfection.

* * *

▪ Chinese Daoist
Wade-Giles romanization  T'ao Hungching 
born 451, Moling, China
died 536, Hua-yang

      Chinese poet, calligrapher, physician, naturalist, and the most eminent Daoist of his time.

      A precocious child, Tao was a tutor to the imperial court while still a youth. In 492 he retired to Mao Shan, a chain of hills southeast of Nanjing, to devote himself to the life and study of Daoism. There he established a mountain retreat where whole families lived under his spiritual guidance. Tao was an adviser and friend to the emperor, and his retreat survived the proscription of all other Daoist sects in 504.

      The major work of Tao Hongjing was the editing and annotation of the religious writings of Yang Xi, Xu Mi, and Xu Hui, composed at Mao Shan in the 4th century. This enormous body of work includes Daoist scriptures, lives, and visionary dictations (dictées) that are the highest literary achievement of the formative period of esoteric Daoism. Tao produced two compendiums of the literature, the Zhengao (“Declarations of the Perfected”) and the Dengzhen yinjue (“Secret Instructions for Ascent to Perfection”).

      At Mao Shan, Tao attempted to recreate the daily practices of Daoism laid down in these works in their original setting. In the course of his research into proper eating and living practices, he produced the Tujing yanyi bencao, one of the major pharmacological works of China. Tao also effected a working synthesis of the private and individual practices of the Mao Shan literature with the 4th-century public rites of the Lingbao liturgies. His writings on the Lingbao pantheon reveal his familiarity with Buddhist as well as Daoist literature.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tao Hongjing — 陶弘景 (456 536), nom social Tongming 通明, surnom religieux l Ermite de Huayang[1], nom posthume Sire de la chasteté immaculée[2], est un lettré chinois des Royaumes du Sud connu pour sa contribution au taoïsme, en particulier le courant Shangqing… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TAO HONGJING — [T’AO HONG KING] (452 536) Patriarche taoïste de la Chine du Sud, homme exceptionnel grâce auquel le taoïsme religieux a pu survivre aux persécutions dont il fut l’objet à l’époque. Né à Danyang (près de Nankin), patrie de Ge Hong, Tao Hongjing… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tao Hongjing — 陶弘景 (* 456 in der Nähe des heutigen Nanjing; † 536 Mao Shan) war ein chinesischer Gelehrter und Alchemist aus der Zeit der Sechs Dynastien. Er diente in verschiedenen Positionen an den Höfen der Liu Song und Qi Dynastien, bevor er sich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tao Hongjing — o T ao Hung ching (451, Mo ling, China–536, Hua yang). Poeta, calígrafo, médico y naturalista chino. Siendo todavía joven, se convirtió en tutor de la corte imperial. En 492 se retiró a un refugio montañoso en Mo Shan para dedicarse al estudio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hongjing — Tao Hongjing Tao Hongjing 陶弘景 (* 456 in der Nähe des heutigen Nanjing; † 536 Mao Shan) war ein chinesischer Gelehrter und Alchemist aus der Zeit der Sechs Dynastien. Er diente in verschiedenen Positionen an den Höfen der Liu Song und Qi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tao — bezeichnet: in Wade Giles Umschrift den chinesischen Begriff Dao; davon abgeleitet das Daodejing (Tao Te King), eine Sammlung philosophischer und mystischer Aphorismen und Sinnsprüche den Daoismus die thailändische Insel Koh Tao Tao (Lanzarote),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tao yin — série Taoïsme Courants Textes Personnalités Notions et pratiques Divinités …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tao Yin — ou daoyin ou dao yin (chin. trad. 導引, chin. simpl. : 导引 pinyin: dǎoyǐn, « guidage et étirement ») est une forme de gymnastique douce chinoise pratiquée dès l’antiquité, pouvant être associée à des exercices respiratoires (tǔnà …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tao — I (De origen filipino.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino femenino Se aplica a la persona sencilla u ordinaria, en el archipiélago filipino. II (Voz china.) ► sustantivo masculino FILOSOFÍA, RELIGIÓN Principio supremo de orden y de unidad del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dao Yin — Tao Yin série Taoïsme Courants Textes Personnalités Notions et pratiques Divinités …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.