- Tanganyika, Lake
Lake, central Africa.Located on the boundary between Tanzania and Congo (Kinshasa), it is the longest freshwater lake in the world, 410 mi (660 km) long, and the second deepest, 4,710 ft (1,436 m) deep. Fed by several rivers, it tends to be brackish. Oil palms and rice grow along its steep shores; hippopotamuses and crocodiles abound. It was first visited by Europeans, searching for the source of the Nile, in 1858.
* * *second largest of the lakes of eastern Africa. It is the longest freshwater lake in the world (410 miles [660 km]) and the second deepest (4,710 feet [1,436 m]) after Lake Baikal in Russia. Comparatively narrow, varying in width from 10 to 45 miles (16 to 72 km), it covers about 12,700 square miles (32,900 square km) and forms the boundary between Tanzania and Congo (Kinshasa). It occupies the southern end of the Western Rift Valley, and for most of its length the land rises steeply from its shores. Its waters tend to be brackish. Though fed by a number of rivers, the lake is not the centre of an extensive drainage area. The largest rivers discharging into the lake are the Malagarasi, the Ruzizi, and the Kalambo, which has one of the highest waterfalls in the world (704 feet [215 m]). Its outlet is the Lukuga River, which flows into the Lualaba River.Lake Tanganyika is situated on the line dividing the floral regions of eastern and western Africa, and oil palms, which are characteristic of the flora of western Africa, grow along the lake's shores. Rice and subsistence crops are grown along the shores, and fishing is of some significance. Hippopotamuses and crocodiles abound, and the bird life is varied.Many of the numerous peoples (predominantly Bantu-speaking) living on the lake's eastern borders trace their origins to areas in the Congo River basin. The lake was first visited by Europeans in 1858, when the British explorers Sir Richard Burton (Burton, Sir Richard) and John Hanning Speke (Speke, John Hanning) reached Ujiji, on the lake's eastern shore, in their quest for the source of the Nile River. In 1871 Henry (later Sir Henry) Morton Stanley “found” David Livingstone at Ujiji. Important ports situated along Lake Tanganyika are Bujumbura (Burundi), Kalemi (Congo), and Ujiji and Kigoma (Tanzania).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Tanganyika,Lake — Tanganyika, Lake A lake of east central Africa between Congo (formerly Zaire) and Tanzania. The British explorers John Speke and Sir Richard Burton sighted the lake in 1858. * * * … Universalium
Tanganyika, Lake — lake, CEN. Africa; 12,700 sq. mi … Webster's Gazetteer
Tanganyika, Lake — geographical name lake E Africa in Great Rift Valley between Democratic Republic of the Congo & Tanzania area 12,700 square miles (33,020 square kilometers) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Tanganyika, Lake — … Useful english dictionary
Lake Ohrid — as seen from Galičica Mountain Coordinates … Wikipedia
lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) … Universalium
Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly … Universalium
Lake Baikal — Baykal and Baikal redirect here. For other uses, see Baykal (disambiguation). Lake Baikal Coordinates … Wikipedia
Lake Victoria ferries — The Lake Victoria ferries are and were steam and diesel powered ships used for freight and passenger transport between Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya on Lake Victoria. The main ports on the lake are Kisumu, Mwanza, Bukoba, Entebbe, Port Bell and… … Wikipedia
Tanganyika — is the name of an East African territory lying between the largest of the African great lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika. From 9 December 1961 to 26 April 1964 it was also an independent nation. Once part of the colony of… … Wikipedia