Swanson, Gloria


Swanson, Gloria
orig. Gloria May Josephine Svensson

born March 17, 1899, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
died April 4, 1983, New York, N.Y.

U.S. film actress.

She played minor roles in comedies at the Mack Sennett studio before she was hired by Cecil B. DeMille and achieved stardom in a series of farces, including Male and Female (1919), Zaza (1923), and Madame Sans-Gêne (1925). The glamorous queen of silent movies, she formed her own production company with backing from her lover Joseph P. Kennedy, making Sadie Thompson (1928) and then the disastrous Queen Kelly (1928). After The Trespasser (1929), her first talkie, and several lighter vehicles, she tired of the poor scripts available, stopped making films, and started several business ventures outside the motion-picture industry. She made an acclaimed comeback as an aging silent-film star in Sunset Boulevard (1950).

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▪ American actress
original name  Gloria May Josephine Svensson  
born March 17, 1899, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
died April 4, 1983, New York, N.Y.
 American motion-picture, stage, and television actress known primarily as a glamorous Hollywood star during the 1920s and as the fading movie queen Norma Desmond in the 1950 film Sunset Boulevard.

      Swanson was the only child of a civilian official of the U.S. Army transport service, whose work during Swanson's childhood took the family to Florida, Texas, and Puerto Rico. While touring the Essanay film studio during a visit to an aunt in Chicago when she was 14 years old, she asked if she could appear in a crowd scene. She enjoyed the work, stayed on as an extra, and was soon playing bit roles in two-reel comedies. Her parents separated in 1916, and she and her mother moved to Hollywood, where Swanson got a job at the Mack Sennett (Sennett, Mack) studio.

      After establishing herself as both a bathing beauty and a comedienne, Swanson was hired by Cecil B. DeMille (DeMille, Cecil B.) and achieved stardom in a series of feature films that included Don't Change Your Husband (1919), Male and Female (1919), Zaza (1923), Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1923), and Madame Sans-Gêne (1925). She then formed her own production company, making such pictures as Sadie Thompson (1928), Queen Kelly (1929, unfinished), and her first talkie, The Trespasser (1929). After several lighter vehicles, she tired of the poor scripts available, stopped making films, and started several business ventures outside the motion-picture industry.

      In 1950 Swanson made a historic comeback in the highly acclaimed Sunset Boulevard. Although she appeared in a few later films, she devoted most of the remainder of her career to television and the theatre. Her autobiography, Swanson on Swanson, was published in 1980.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Swanson, Gloria — • СВЕ НСОН (Swanson) Глория (27.3.1899, по др. данным, 1897 4.4.1983)    амер. актриса. В кино с 1913. В 1916 1917 работала у реж. М. Сеннетта. В 1918 выступила в ф. Общество на продажу , где наметились нек рые черты характера, воплощённого… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Swanson,Gloria — Swan·son (swŏnʹsən), Gloria. 1899 1983. American actress who appeared in numerous silent films and later made a heralded comeback in Sunset Boulevard (1950). * * * …   Universalium

  • Swanson, Gloria — orig. Gloria May Josephine Svensson (17 mar. 1899, Chicago, Ill., EE.UU.–4 abr. 1983, Nueva York). Actriz de cine estadounidense. Interpretó papeles de reaparto en comedias para el estudio de Mack Sennett antes de ser contratada por Cecil B.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Swanson, Gloria — pseud. di Svensson, Gloria May Josephine …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Gloria Swanson — Nombre real Gloria May Josephine Svensson Nacimiento 27 de marzo de 1899 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Swanson — (Gloria Josephine Mae Swanson, dite Gloria) (1897 1983) actrice américaine; vedette du muet: Queen Kelly (1928). En 1934, elle abandonna le cinéma, puis incarna son propre mythe dans Boulevard du Crépuscule (1950) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gloria Swanson — Infobox actor name = Gloria Swanson imagesize = birthname = Gloria May Josephine Swanson birthdate = birth date|1899|3|27|mf=y birthplace = Chicago, Illinois deathdate = death date and age|1983|4|4|1899|3|27|mf=y deathplace = New York City… …   Wikipedia

  • Gloria Swanson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Swanson. Gloria Swanson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gloria Swanson — noun United States actress in many silent films (1899 1983) • Syn: ↑Swanson, ↑Gloria May Josephine Svensson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑actress * * * Gloria Swanson [Gloria Swan …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gloria — (Del lat. gloria.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Fama u honor que alcanzan algunas personas debido a sus obras o actos. SINÓNIMO celebridad loor notoriedad renombre ANTÓNIMO anonimato oscuridad 2 Las obras o los actos que dan lugar a esta fama …   Enciclopedia Universal


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