- Suryavarman II
died с 1150Suryavarman established sole rule over Cambodia in с 1113, reuniting the country after 50 years of unrest. He expanded his country to include much of what is now Thailand, portions of Vietnam, and part of the Malay Peninsula. He promulgated Vaishnavism (a form of Hinduism), rather than the Buddhism of his predecessors, as the official religion. Construction of Angkor Wat, the world's largest religious structure, began under Suryavarman, and he figures prominently in its decorations. He died during a campaign against the kingdom of Champa; the Chams eventually ravaged Angkor.
* * *▪ king of Khmer empiredied c. 1150Cambodian king renowned as a religious reformer and temple builder. Under his rule the temple of Angkor Wat, the world's largest religious structure, was constructed.Suryavarman defeated rival claimants to the throne and established sole rule over Cambodia by 1113, reuniting the country after more than 50 years of unrest. Warlike and ambitious, he expanded the limits of Cambodia to include much of what is now Thailand; his patronage stretched as far west as the frontiers of the Burmese state of Pagan, south to the coast of the Gulf of Thailand (including part of the eastern coast of the Malay Peninsula), and east to the kingdom of Champa in the southern part of what is now Vietnam.Suryavarman was formally crowned in 1113, with his guru, the powerful priest Divakarapandita, presiding. The king was a religious reformer who blended the mystical cults of Vishnu and Shiva, supreme Hindu deities, and promulgated Vaishnavism as the official religion, rather than Buddhism, which had briefly flourished under his predecessors.Angkor Wat, dedicated to Vishnu, was begun in the early years of Suryavarman's reign and was not finished until after his death. Surrounded by a wall and a moat, the building is decorated with sculptures portraying Suryavarman as Vishnu; he is shown reviewing his troops, holding audiences, and performing other functions of a sovereign. Suryavarman also sponsored the construction of several other temples in the style of Angkor Wat. After his death, Angkor Wat also became his tomb.In 1116 Suryavarman resumed diplomatic relations (in abeyance since the 9th century) with the Chinese, who officially recognized his kingdom as their vassal in 1128. By sending tribute to China, he acquired a powerful ally to discourage attacks from neighbouring Southeast Asian kingdoms and ensured that China would not interfere in Khmer domestic affairs.From 1123 until 1136 Suryavarman waged a series of unsuccessful campaigns against Dai Viet, the Vietnamese kingdom that had asserted its independence from China in 939. He attempted a land attack through Laos to Nghe An in 1128 and met with defeat. A few months later, Suryavarman's fleet of 700 junks began a long harassment along the coast in the Gulf of Tonkin. Suryavarman persuaded the kingdom of Champa to assist him in these efforts, but in 1136 the Cham king, Jaya Indravarman III, defected and made an alliance with the Vietnamese.Suryavarman deposed the Cham king in 1144 and annexed Champa in the following year. The Chams, under a new leader, King Jaya Harivarman I, defeated Khmer troops in a decisive battle at Chakling, near Phan Rang, in southern Vietnam. Suryavarman put his brother-in-law, Harideva, on the Cham throne, but Jaya Harivarman I deposed him and reclaimed that throne. In 1150 Suryavarman died in the midst of a new campaign against Champa, leaving his people exhausted by war and victimized by the once-subservient Chams, who eventually ravaged Angkor.
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Suryavarman II — (Khmer: ) (posthumous name Paramavishnuloka ) was king of the Khmer Empire from 1113 A.D. to 1145 1150 A.D. and the builder of Angkor Wat, which he dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. His reign s monumental architecture, numerous military… … Wikipedia
Sūryavarman II — Suryavarman II Suryavarman II représenté sur un bas relief à Angkor Vat. Suryavarman II (nom posthume Paramavishnuloka) est roi de l Empire khmer de 1113 à … Wikipédia en Français
Sǖryavarman II — Suryavarman II Suryavarman II représenté sur un bas relief à Angkor Vat. Suryavarman II (nom posthume Paramavishnuloka) est roi de l Empire khmer de 1113 à … Wikipédia en Français
Suryavarman II — représenté sur un bas relief à Angkor Vat. Suryavarman II (Khmer: ព្រះបាទសូរ្យវរ្ម័នទី២)(nom posthume Paramavishnuloka) est roi de l Empire khmer de 1113 à 1150. Il est le … Wikipédia en Français
Suryavarman I — (Narvanapala la) was king of the Khmer Empire from 1010 to 1050. After the reign of Udayadityavarman I, which ended around 1000, there was no clear successor. Two kings, Jayaviravarman and Suryavarman I, both claimed the throne. Suryavarman I was … Wikipedia
Suryavarman I. — Suryavarman I. (* im 10. Jahrhundert; † 1050) war zwischen 1006/1010 bis zu seinem Tod König des Khmer Reiches von Angkor. Nach dem Tod von König Udayadityavarman I. um das Jahr 1000 gab es keinen berechtigten Thronfolger, was zu… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Suryavarman II. — Suryavarman II. auf einem Relief in Angkor Wat Suryavarman II. (* ca. 1095; † wahrscheinlich 1150) war ein König im antiken Khmerreich. Er herrschte von 1113 1150 und war sowohl Feldherr als auch ein Patron der Künste. Es gelang ihm Kambuja zu… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sūryavarman I — Suryavarman I Suryavarman Ier (nom posthume : Narvanapala la) est un roi qui a régné sur l Empire khmer, de 1010 à 1050 après J. C. Après le règne de Udayadityavarman I, qui s acheva vers 1002 après J. C, il n y eut pas de successeur désigné … Wikipédia en Français
Suryavarman II — representado en un bajo relieve en Angkor Wat. Suryavarman II fue rey del Imperio jemer de un periodo que va de 1113 a 1150. Fue renombrado como reformador y constructor religioso del templo. Además, es hijo de Ksitindradity y Narendralakshmi.… … Wikipedia Español
Sûryavarman — nom de règne de souverains du Cambodge ancien … Encyclopédie Universelle
Sûryavarman II — (1113 1150) fit bâtir Angkor Vat, dédié à Vishnu. Il lutta contre le royaume môn, à l O., le Dai Viêt et le Champa, à l E. Sous son règne, l Empire khmer connut son apogée … Encyclopédie Universelle