Surya


Surya
In Hinduism, the sun and the sun god.

Though once ranking with the major Hindu deities, he is now primarily worshiped only as one of the five important deities of the Smarta sect and as the supreme deity by the small Savra sect. Nevertheless, he is still invoked by all orthodox Hindus in daily prayer, and his temples are found throughout India. He is the father of Manu, Yama, and several other gods. The Puranas record that the weapons of the gods were forged from pieces trimmed from Surya.

Surya, stone image from Deo-Barunarak, Bihar, India, 9th century AD.

Pramod Chandra

* * *

▪ Hindu god
 in Hinduism, both the sun and the sun god. Although in the Vedic period (2nd millennium–7th century BCE) several other deities also possessed solar characteristics, most of these were merged into a single god in later Hinduism. Surya was once ranked along with Vishnu, Shiva, Shakti, and Ganesha, and many temples dedicated to him are found throughout India. These five deities are worshipped by a very important group of Brahmans (priests), the Smartas, but Surya is worshipped as the supreme deity by only a small group, the Saura sect. He is, however, invoked by most Hindus, and the Gayatri mantra, uttered daily at dawn by many Hindus, is addressed to the sun.

      Surya is the mythological father of many notable sons, including Manu (progenitor of the human race), Yama (lord of death), the Ashvins (twin physicians to the gods), Karna (a great warrior of the sacred epic the Mahabharata), and Sugriva (king of the monkeys). The Puranas (collections of myths and legends) record that the weapons of the gods were forged from pieces trimmed from Surya, whose full emanation was too bright to bear. His power was conceived of as dispelling darkness, curing disease, and heating and illuminating the world. His wife, Usas—in some accounts, his mother or mistress—is the personification of dawn.

 Sculptures of Surya often show him in “northern” or Scythian dress—close-fitting coat and high boots—suggesting an influence from Iranian sun cults. He is commonly represented in a chariot drawn by seven horses or by a single horse with seven heads, holding full-blown lotuses, his head surrounded by a nimbus or by rays. One of the most splendid temples dedicated to Surya is the 13th-century Surya Deul (“Sun Temple”), once called the Black Pagoda, at Konarak, in Orissa. There the whole structure is conceived as a chariot on wheels in which the sun god rides across the heavens pulled by prancing horses.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Surya — Sūrya Sûrya Père Kashyapa Mère Āditi Vâhana …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sûrya — Sūrya Sûrya Père Kashyapa Mère Āditi Vâhana …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sūrya — Sûrya Père Kashyapa Mère Āditi Conjoint Saljnâ Râjnî Prabhâ Châyâ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Surya —    Surya is the most common of the names for the Sun in the VEDAS, which all seem to refer to differ ent aspects of this divine body. (SAVITRI is the next most frequent Vedic Sun name.) The Sun is seen as crossing the sky each day on a chariot… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Surya —   [Sanskrit »Sonne«], der indische Sonnengott, der bereits seit dem Veda (auch unter dem Namen Savitri) verehrt wird und als Auge des Gottes Mitra (Mithras) gilt. Bedeutende Tempel des Surya, der in jeder Hand eine Lotosblume tragend und auf… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sūrya — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sūria es el dios védico del Sol. Escultura de Aditia (Suria), y los navagraja (nueve astros). Periodo Gupta, encontrado en Garhwa (Allahabad). Fotografía de lo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Surya — (ind. Myth.), Sonnengott, Sohn des Kasyapa; dargestellt sitzend auf einem strahlenden, mit sieben Pferden bespannten Wagen, dessen Führer Arun, der Gott der Dämmerung, ist u. welchem 1000 Genien folgen, die sein Lob singen; er hat vier Arme mit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Surya — Sūrya (Surja), in der ind. Mythologie Name des Sonnengottes; in seiner Eigenschaft als Schöpfer führt er den Namen Savitar …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Surya — Hdeity infobox| Caption = Surya Name = Surya Devanagari = सूर्य Sanskrit Transliteration = sūrya Pali Transliteration = Tamil script = Script name = Script = Affiliation = Graha God of = the sun Abode = Mantra = Weapon = Consort = Saranyu, Ragyi …   Wikipedia

  • Surya — Statue von Surya im Sonnentempel von Konark Surya (Sanskrit: सूर्य Sūrya ist in den ältesten Schriften des Hinduismus, den Veden, die Personifizierung der Sonne, bzw. der Sonnengott, den viele Gläubige noch heute in verschiedenen Formen verehren …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.