- Surtees, Robert Smith
died March 16, 1864, Brighton, SussexEnglish novelist.Passionately addicted to riding to hounds from his youth, Surtees devoted nearly all his writings to horses and riding. In 1831 he launched New Sporting Magazine. His famous comic character Mr. Jorrocks, a blunt Cockney grocer entirely given over to fox hunting, appeared in Jorrocks's Jaunts and Jollities (1838), Handley Cross (1843), and Hillingdon Hall (1845). Among his other novels, which also portray the boredom, ill manners, discomfort, and coarse food of English provincial life, are Hawbuck Grange (1847) and Mr. Facey Romford's Hounds (1865).
* * *▪ British writerborn , May 17, 1805, The Riding, Northumberland, Eng.died March 16, 1864, Brighton, SussexEnglish novelist of the chase and the creator of Mr. Jorrocks, one of the great comic characters of English literature, a Cockney grocer who is as blunt as John Bull and entirely given over to fox hunting.A younger son, Surtees worked as a lawyer until he inherited his family's estate in 1838. But riding to hounds was his passion, and nearly all his writing involved horses and riding. Surtees' earliest works were published in The Sporting Magazine, and in 1831, with Rudolph Ackermann as publisher, he launched the New Sporting Magazine (N.S.M.), editing it until 1836. His novels appeared as serials in the N.S.M. or elsewhere or in monthly parts before final publication in book form, and these first and last dates are given after their titles. Jorrocks' Jaunts and Jollities (1831, 1838), a collection of tales (a prototype for Charles Dickens's Pickwick Papers), Handley Cross (1843, expanded 1854), and Hillingdon Hall (1843, 1845) all feature Mr. Jorrocks. There followed Hawbuck Grange (1846, 1847); Mr. Sponge's Sporting Tour (1849, 1853); Ask Mamma (1857, 1858); Plain or Ringlets? (1858, 1860); and Mr. Romford's Hounds (posthumous, 1865). Connoisseurs generally put first the chronicles of Soapey Sponge and Facey Romford, whose chief business is to pass off dangerous horses as tractable animals. In nearly all these books Surtees was fortunate to have as illustrators John Leech and Hablot Knight Browne (“Phiz”), the illustrator of the Pickwick Papers. All were also published anonymously, with Surtees' name appearing only on his first book, the factual Horseman's Manual (1831).Surtees was a mordant satirist. The snobbery, envy, greed, and ignorance that consume many of his characters are set down without geniality. His portrayal of provincial England just leaving the coaching for the railway era exposes its boredom, ill manners, discomfort, and coarse food, and its matter-of-factness makes admirable social history. Yet the descriptions of fast runs with hounds over open country leave the most lasting impression.Additional ReadingFrederick Watson, Robert Smith Surtees: A Critical Study (1933, reissued 1991); David R. Johnston-Jones, The Deathless Train: The Life and Work of Robert Smith Surtees (1974); John Welcome, The Sporting World of R.S. Surtees (1982).
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Surtees, Robert Smith — (17 may. 1803, The Riding, Northumberland, Inglaterra–16 mar. 1864, Brighton, Sussex). Novelista inglés. Apasionado desde su juventud a la caza con perros, Surtees dedicó casi la totalidad de sus escritos al tema de los caballos y la monta. En… … Enciclopedia Universal
Surtees, Robert Smith — (1802 1864) Sporting novelist, a country gentleman of Durham, who was in business as a solicitor, but not succeeding, started in 1831 the Sporting Magazine. Subsequently he took to writing sporting novels, which were illustrated by John Leech … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Robert Smith Surtees — (May 17, 1803 March 16, 1864) was an English editor, novelist and sporting writer. He was the second son of Anthony Surtees of Hamsterley Hall, a member of an old County Durham family.Surtees attended school at Ovingham and Durham School before… … Wikipedia
smith — /smith/, n. 1. a worker in metal. 2. a blacksmith. v.t. 3. to forge on an anvil; form by heating and pounding: to smith armor. [bef. 900; (n.) ME, OE; c. G Schmied, ON smithr, Goth smitha; (v.) ME smithen, OE smithian; c. ON smitha, Goth… … Universalium
Smith — /smith/, n. 1. Adam, 1723 90, Scottish economist. 2. Alfred E(manuel), 1873 1944, U.S. political leader. 3. Bessie, 1894? 1937, U.S. singer. 4. Charles Henry ( Bill Arp ), 1826 1903, U.S. humorist. 5 … Universalium
Smith — Smith, Adam Smith, George Smith, Hamilton O. Smith, Ian Douglas Smith, John Smith, Joseph Smith, Theobald Smith, William * * * (as used in expressions) Abigail Smi … Enciclopedia Universal
Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… … Universalium
Robert — (as used in expressions) Adam, Robert Aldrich, Robert Altman, Robert (B.) Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baden Powell (de Gilwell), Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1 barón Bakewell, Robert Baldwin, Robert Ballard Robert D(uane) Bly, Robert (Elwood) Borden,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Surtees (disambiguation) — Surtees may refer to: *Surtees, a former motor racing teamIt is also a surname and may be used to refer to the following people: *Bruce Surtees (born 1937), American cinematographer *Henry Surtees (born 1991), British racing driver *Jack Surtees… … Wikipedia
Robert Surtees — may refer to: *Robert Surtees (cinematographer) (1906 ndash;1985) *Robert Surtees (antiquarian) (1779 ndash;1834), historian and antiquarian *Robert Smith Surtees (1803 ndash;1864), English writer … Wikipedia