Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument


Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument
Preserve, north-central Arizona, U.S. Established in 1930, the monument covers 5 sq mi (13 sq km) and contains the brilliant-hued cinder cone of an extinct volcano that erupted с 1064.

It rises 1,000 ft (300 m) and has a crater 400 ft (120 m) deep and 1,280 ft (390 m) in diameter. The tract contains numerous lava flows, fumaroles, and lava beds.

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 geologic formation in north-central Arizona, U.S. The monument lies 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Flagstaff and about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Wupatki National Monument. Established in 1930, it occupies an area of 5 square miles (13 square km) within Coconino National Forest.

      The monument is centred on a truncated cinder cone, the remnant of an extinct volcano, that rises 1,000 feet (300 metres) above the surrounding area. The cone was dated by means of tree rings found in remains of nearby buried Native American pit houses; it apparently began forming after an eruption that occurred in the winter of 1064–65 (eruptions probably continued intermittently for roughly 150 more years). The summit crater, 400 feet (120 metres) deep and about 1,280 feet (390 metres) in diameter, is brilliantly hued, as though illuminated by the setting sun. The monument contains numerous lava flows and lava beds with ice caves. Forests of ponderosa pine blanket the higher slopes, while piñon pine and juniper are found at lower elevations. Common wildlife species include pronghorn, jackrabbits, and Steller's jays. Sunset Crater Volcano and Wupatki are connected by a loop road.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument — Monument national de Sunset Crater Volcano Sunset Crater Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Identifiant 375597 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument — Sunset Crater …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument — Reserva ubicada en la zona centro norte del estado de Arizona en EE.UU. El monumento establecido en 1930, ocupa 13 km2 (5 mi2) de superficie y en él se encuentra un volcán extinto, con un cono de escorias de tonos brillantes, que hizo erupción… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Sunset Crater — Infobox Mountain Name=Sunset Crater Photo= SUCR2262.jpg Caption= Sunset Crater with Ponderosa pines on the slope Elevation= convert|8042|ft|m|0 Range=San Francisco volcanic field Location=Coconino County, Arizona, USA Coordinates =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sunset Crater — geographical name volcanic crater N central Arizona in Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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