- Sui dynasty
(581–618) Short-lived Chinese dynasty that unified northern and southern China after centuries of division.Under the Sui, the cultural and artistic renaissance that was to reach its height under the succeeding Tang dynasty was set in motion. The first Sui emperor, Wendi, established uniform institutions of government throughout the country, promulgated a new legal system, conducted a census, recruited officials through examinations, and reestablished Confucian rituals. The Sui conducted three costly and unsuccessful campaigns against the Korean kingdom of Koguryŏ. The Sui capital at Chang'an was, in design, six times the size of the modern city of Xi'an at the same site.
* * *▪ Chinese history(AD 581–618), short-lived Chinese dynasty that unified the country after four centuries of fragmentation in which North and South China had gone quite different ways. The Sui also set the stage for and began to set in motion an artistic and cultural renaissance that reached its zenith in the succeeding Tang dynasty (618–907). Its capital was at Daxing, which, during Tang times, changed its name to Chang'an (now Xi'an).The first Sui emperor, Yang Jian, known by his posthumous name Wendi, was a high official of the Bei (Northern) Zhou dynasty (557–581), and, when that reign dissolved in a storm of plots and murders, he managed to seize the throne and take firm control of North China; by the end of the 580s he had won the West and South and ruled over a unified China. The Wendi emperor established uniform institutions of government throughout the country and raised a corps of skilled and pragmatic administrators. He reestablished Confucian rituals last used in government by the Han dynasty. He sought and won the support of men of letters, and he fostered Buddhism. He promulgated a penal code and administrative laws that were simpler, fairer, and more lenient than those of the predecessor Bei Zhou. He conducted a careful census, a practice long lost in chaos, and simplified the taxation. He made his army into a system of militias that was self-supporting when the country was not at war.The second emperor, Yangdi, completed the integration of southern China into the empire, emphasized the Confucian Classics in an examination system for public employment, and built a second capital at Luoyang in the east. He engaged in great construction projects, including a vast canal system.The relations of the Sui with the Turks in the west deteriorated; and, when wars in Korea to exact tribute failed, the short regime collapsed in a welter of rebellions. Yangdi was murdered by a member of his entourage in 618, and his successor, Gongdi, reigned less than a year.The architecture of the Sui was dominated by the great Yuwen Kai, who in nine months designed a vast capital city at Daxing (Chang'an) that was six times the size of present-day Xi'an at the same site. Its palace had a rotating pavilion accommodating 200 guests. Painters came from throughout the country seeking patronage at the Sui court. The dynasty established a pattern of patronizing the arts that was later embraced by the Tang rulers. Because of the brevity of the Sui reign and the consonance of its arts with those of the Tang, the arts of the two dynasties are often treated together.
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Sui Dynasty — Infobox Former Country native name = aut|隋朝|conventional long name = The Sui Dynasty common name = Sui national motto = continent = Asia region = Pacific country = China era = status = Empire government type = Monarchy year start = 581 year end … Wikipedia
Sui Dynasty family tree — The following is a simplified family tree for the Sui Dynasty, which ruled China between 581 and 618 … Wikipedia
Empress of Sui Dynasty — Sui Dynasty had two empresses in its history:# Empress Dugu Qieluo (r. 581 602), the wife of Emperor Wen. # Empress Xiao (r. 605 618), the wife of Emperor Yang … Wikipedia
Yang Jun (Sui Dynasty) — Yang Jun (楊俊) (571 600), nickname Azhi (阿祇), formally Prince Xiao of Qin (秦孝王), was an imperial prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty. He was a son of Emperor Wen (Yang Jian) and his wife Empress Dugu Qieluo, who died an untimely death due to … Wikipedia
Yang Yichen (Sui Dynasty) — Yang Yichen (楊義臣) (d. 617?), né Yuchi Yichen (尉遲義臣), was a general of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty. During the late reign of Emperor Yang, Yang Yichen was one of the few Sui generals having success against agrarian rebels, but in 616, Emperor… … Wikipedia
Yang Hao (Sui Dynasty) — Yang Hao (楊浩) (d. 618), often known by his princely title of Prince of Qin (秦王), was one of the claimants of the throne of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty at the dynasty s end. Background Yang Hao was a grandson of Sui s founder Emperor Wen. His… … Wikipedia
Yang Xiu (Sui Dynasty) — Yang Xiu (楊秀) (died 618) was an imperial prince of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty. He was a son of Emperor Wen and his wife Empress Dugu Qieluo, and during most of his father s reign was given great control over the modern Sichuan and Chongqing… … Wikipedia
Sui — can refer to:* Sui Dynasty of China * Sui (surname), a transcription of two Chinese surnames * Sui (Balochistan), a city in Balochistan, Pakistan * Sui gas field, near Sui, Balochistan, Pakistan * Sui or Shui people, one of the Kam Sui peoples,… … Wikipedia
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dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium