Stuyvesant, Peter


Stuyvesant, Peter
born с 1592, Scherpenzeel, Friesland, Neth.
died February 1672, near New York, N.Y.

Dutch colonial governor.

In 1643 he became director of the Dutch West India Co.'s Caribbean colonies and in 1645 director general of all Dutch possessions in North America, including New Netherland and the Caribbean. He arrived in New Amsterdam (later New York City) in 1647 and soon faced the burghers' demands for self-government. He established a municipal government but continued to control it. He settled the boundary with Connecticut (1650), expelled the Swedes from New Sweden on the Delaware River, and incorporated the colony into Dutch territory (1655). Incursions from the New England colonies and a squadron sent by Charles II forced him to surrender New Netherland to the British (1664).

* * *

▪ Dutch colonial governor
Dutch  Petrus Stuyvesant  
born c. 1592, Scherpenzeel, Friesland, Neth.
died February 1672, near New York, N.Y. [U.S.]

      Dutch colonial governor who tried to resist the English seizure of New York.

      Son of a Calvinist minister, he began his career in the Dutch West India Company about 1632 and in 1643 became director in the company's colonies of Curaçao, Aruba, and Bonaire. During an expedition against the Portuguese island of Saint Martin, his right leg was severely injured and had to be amputated. Thereafter he wore a wooden leg. In 1645 he became director general of all Dutch possessions in North America and the Caribbean. Almost immediately upon his arrival in New Amsterdam (later New York City) in 1647, his conflict with the burghers began. They were alienated by his despotic methods and his devotion to the interest of the company. In response to their demands for self-government, he and the council in 1647 appointed an advisory board of nine, and in 1653 there was established the first municipal government for the city of New Amsterdam, modeled after the cities of Holland. These concessions proved hollow, for Stuyvesant never ceased to dominate the government. In 1650 he sacrificed a large amount of territory in a settlement of the boundary between New Netherland and Connecticut. But he succeeded in dislodging the Swedes from their settlement in Dutch territory along the Delaware River and in establishing peace with the Indians there. In August 1664, when the burghers refused to aid him, Stuyvesant was forced to surrender New Netherland to the British. According to some historians, the West India Company made him the scapegoat for what actually were defects in company policies. He spent the remainder of his life on his farm, “the Bouwerie” (from which New York City's “Bowery” takes its name).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stuyvesant,Peter — Stuy·ve·sant (stīʹvĭ sənt), Peter or Petrus 1592? 1672. Dutch colonial administrator. The last Dutch governor (1646 1664) of New Netherland, he was unpopular for his harsh leadership and in 1664 was forced to surrender the colony to England. * *… …   Universalium

  • Stuyvesant, Peter — ( 1592, Scherpenzeel, Frisia, Países Bajos–feb. 1672, cerca de Nueva York, N.Y.). Gobernador colonial holandés. En 1643 fue gobernador de las colonias caribeñas de la Compañía Holandesa de las Indias Occidentales y, en 1645, director general de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stuyvesant, Peter —  (1592–1672) Dutch governor of New Netherlands (1646–64), which later became New York …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Peter Stuyvesant — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Peter Stuyvesant alrededor de 1660 Peter Stuyvesant (alrededor de 1600 – agosto de 1672) sirvió como el último director general holandés de la colonia de Nuevos Países Bajos desde 1647 hasta su cesión provisional a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Peter Stuyvesant — Infobox Officeholder name = Peter Stuyvesant imagesize = caption = Painting of Peter Stuyvesant, c. 1660 order = 7th office = Director General of New Netherland term start = 1647 term end = 1664 predecessor = Willem Kieft successor = Office… …   Wikipedia

  • peter — peter1 /pee teuhr/, v.i. peter out 1. to diminish gradually and stop; dwindle to nothing: The hot water always peters out in the middle of my shower. 2. to tire; exhaust (usually used as a past participle): I m petered out after that walk. [1805… …   Universalium

  • Peter — /pee teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Simon Peter. died A.D. 67?, one of the 12 apostles and the reputed author of two of the Epistles. 2. either of these two Epistles in the New Testament, I Peter or II Peter. 3. a word formerly used in communications… …   Universalium

  • Peter — (as used in expressions) Altgeld, John Peter Behrens, Peter Lawrence Peter Berra Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) Carey, Peter (Philip) Cooper, Peter Davies, Sir Peter Maxwell Debye, Peter Doherty, Peter Charles Dunne, Finley Pe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peter Cooper Village—Stuyvesant Town — is a large private residential development on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. One of the most iconic and successful of post war private housing communitiesFact|date=June 2007, Stuyvesant Town was planned in 1943. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Stuyvesant Town–Peter Cooper Village — Stuyvesant Town von der First Avenue Richtung Uptown gesehen (2006) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.